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71. Family AGROMYZIDAE

[Originally] By Kenneth A. Spencer

Approximately 2,500 species are known in the Agromyzidae, a family of worldwide distribution, occurring from the northern extremity of Greenland to subantarctic islands in the south. Adults can be minute, with wing length of little more than 1 mm. The maximum size known is 6.5 mm. The majority of species are in the range of 2 to 3 mm.

In the Australasian/Oceanian Regions 269 species are now recorded. This is substantially more than in the Oriental Region where 217 described species are now known. There has thus been considerable speciation and proliferation in Australasia/Oceania from ancestral immigrants, which have predominantly originated from the Oriental Region (apart from those occurring in the Hawaiian and Easter islands). In Australia 150 species are known, with striking proliferation in the genus Phytoliriomyza (32 species--more than in any other region). Endemism is high (84%) compared with that of other regions.

Seventeen of the 27 known genera are represented in the regions covered in this catalog, the same number found in the Oriental Region. Only 1 genus, Kleinschmidtimyia, is endemic to the regions covered here.

Agromyzidae are exclusively phytophagous, the larvae feed either as leaf miners, internally in all parts of the plant, or selectively in the root, stem, or flower head. Probably less than 50% are true leaf miners. There is a high degree of host specificity. However, of the 269 species recorded here, hosts are known for only 78 (29%), a figure that is lower than that in any other region. This may reflect random collecting and a lack of rearing studies.
Refs.: Spencer (1973, econ. import.; 1976, rev. NZ spp.; 1977c, rev. Australian spp.), Hardy & Delfinado (1980, rev. Hawaiian spp.).

Subfamily AGROMYZINAE

Genus AGROMYZA Fallén

AGROMYZA Fallén, 1810a: 21. Type species: Agromyza reptans Fallén, 1823, des. I.C.Z.N., 1988: 76
illustris Spencer, 1977c: 118. Australia (NSW).
mellita Spencer, 1977c: 120. Australia (Qld).
papuensis Sasakawa, 1963d: 797. PNG (PNG); PNG (Bismarck Arch).
subantennalis Sasakawa, 1963d: 788. Indonesia (Irian Jaya).
venusta Spencer, 1977c: 121. Australia (Qld).

Genus HEXOMYZA Enderlein

HEXOMYZA Enderlein, 1936f: 179. Unavailable name; genus-group name proposed after 1930 without type-species designation.
HEXOMYZA
Enderlein, 1936c: 42. Type species: Melanagromyza sarothamni Hendel, 1923, orig. des. [Genus group-name made available by bibliographic reference to Enderlein, 1936f: 179.] [NB: Since the 1989 catalog, it was discovered that Enderlein 1936f was published before Enderlein 1936c.]
coprosmae Spencer, 1976: 162. NZ (NZ).

Genus JAPANAGROMYZA Sasakawa

JAPANAGROMYZA Sasakawa, 1958: 138. Type species: Agromyza duchesneae Sasakawa, 1954, orig. des.
badia Spencer, 1977c: 111. Australia (NSW).
displicata Sasakawa, 1963d: 800. Solomon Is.
duchesneae Sasakawa, 1954: 106 (Agromyza). Japan; PNG (PNG), Vanuatu.
elaeagni Sasakawa, 1954: 38 (Melanagromyza). Japan; Bonin Is.
eucalypti Spencer, 1963a: 309. Australia (NSW); Australia (Qld), Belau, Northern Marianas.
     ssp. eucalypti s. str. Australia (NSW); Australia (Qld), Belau.
     ssp. paganensis Spencer, 1963b: 142. Northern Marianas.
fortis Spencer, 1977c: 113. Australia (Qld).
howensis Spencer, 1977c: 115. Lord Howe I.
insularum Spencer, 1963b: 143. Bonin Is.
involuta Spencer, 1977a: 357. PNG (PNG).
kalshoveni de Meijere, 1934: 254 (Melanagromyza). Indonesia (Java); Australia (Qld), PNG (Bismarck Arch).
multiplicata Sasakawa, 1963d: 801. PNG (PNG); Indonesia (Irian Jaya).
scelesta Spencer, 1966b: 494. PNG (Bismarck Arch); Vanuatu.
setigera Malloch, 1914: 328 (Agromyza). Taiwan; New Caledonia (New Caledonia), Vanuatu; Maylasia (Sabah).
sordidata Spencer, 1962a: 65 (Melanagromyza). PNG (Bismarck Arch).
trifida Spencer, 1962a: 653. Vanuatu; Fiji, New Caledonia (Loyalty Is), PNG (Bougainville I), Solomon Is.
triformis Spencer, 1962a: 653. PNG (PNG); New Caledonia (New Caledonia), Solomon Is, Vanuatu.
tristella Thomson, 1869: 609 (Agromyza). China; PNG (Bismarck Arch); widesp. Oriental Reg.
     variihalterata Malloch, 1914: 329 (Agromyza). Taiwan.
     trispina, error for tristella.

Genus KLEINSCHMIDTIMYIA Spencer

KLEINSCHMIDTIMYIA Spencer, 1986b: 249. Type species: Melanagromyza pisi Kleinschmidt, 1961, orig. des.
dianellae Kleinschmidt, 1961: 331 (Melanagromyza). Australia (Qld); Australia (ACT, NSW, Vic).
gemina Spencer, 1977c: 85 (Ophiomyia). Australia (NSW).
indigoferae Kleinschmidt, 1961: 329 (Melanagromyza). Australia (Qld); Australia (ACT, NSW).
nuginiensis Spencer, 1977c: 355 (Tropicomyia). PNG (PNG); Australia (NT, Qld).
paramonovi Spencer, 1963a: 317 (Melanagromyza). Australia (NSW).
pisi Kleinschmidt, 1961: 324 (Melanagromyza). Australia (Qld); Australia (ACT, NSW, WA).
wikstroemiae Kleinschmidt, 1961: 321 (Melanagromyza). Australia (Qld); Australia (ACT, NSW, Tas).

Genus MELANAGROMYZA Hendel

MELANAGROMYZA Hendel, 1920a: 114. Type species: Agromyza aeneoventris Fallén, 1823, orig. des.
albisquama Malloch, 1927h: 425 (Agromyza). Australia (NSW); Australia (NT, Qld), Belau, Fiji, Indonesia (Irian Jaya), New Caledonia (Loyalty Is, New Caledonia), PNG (Bismarck Arch, Bougainville I, PNG); widesp. Afrotrop., Oriental Regs.
     leguminum Bezzi, 1928: 166. Fiji.
anceps Spencer, 1977c: 31. Australia (Qld).
apii Hering, 1951b: 736. Australia (NSW); Australia (SA).
avicenniae Spencer, 1977c: 33. Australia (NSW).
baiyerensis Spencer, 1977a: 346. PNG (PNG).
bispinosa Sasakawa, 1963d: 809. PNG (PNG).
blanda Spencer, 1977c: 36. Australia (Qld).
boninensis Spencer, 1963b: 346. Bonin Is.
bryani Sasakawa, 1963c: 493. American Samoa; Solomon Is.
clavata Sasakawa, 1963d: 802 (Japanagromyza). PNG (Bismarck Arch); Philippines.
cordiophoeta Spencer, 1961: 71. Singapore; PNG (Bismarck Arch, PNG).
decapitata Spencer, 1977c: 36. Australia (Qld).
declinata Sasakawa, 1963a: 32. Taiwan; Australia (NSW).
     bowralensis Spencer, 1963a: 314. Australia (NSW).
dipodii Spencer, 1977c: 39. Australia (NSW).
     alternata, authors, not Spencer, 1961, misid.
epistomella Spencer, 1977c: 41. Australia (Qld).
fijiana Sasakawa, 1963c: 494. Fiji.
geminata Spencer, 1962a: 655. PNG (PNG).
grata Spencer, 1977c: 42. Australia (Qld); Australia (NT).
hastata Spencer, 1977c: 43. Australia (NSW); Australia (SA).
hermani Spencer, 1977a: 346. PNG (PNG)
humida Spencer, 1977c: 45. Australia (Qld).
insignita Spencer, 1966b: 499. PNG (Bismarck Arch); PNG (PNG).
ipomoeavora Spencer, 1963b: 148. Micronesia; Guam, Western Samoa.
lasiops Malloch, 1914: 324 (Agromyza). Taiwan; Indonesia (Irian Jaya); Vietnam.
lividula Sasakawa, 1963d: 811. PNG (Bismarck Arch).
metallica Thomson, 1869: 609 (Agromyza). Mauritius; Australia (NSW, Qld), Belau, Fiji, Indonesia (Irian Jaya), New Caledonia (Loyalty Is, New Caledonia), Northern Marianas, PNG (Bismarck Arch), Solomon Is, Vanuatu; widesp. Afrotrop., Oriental Regs.
     similis Lamb, 1912: 346 (Agromyza). Seychelles. [Preocc. Brischke, 1881.]
     lambi Hendel, 1923: 145 (n. n. for similis Lamb).
multiformis Spencer, 1977c: 47. Australia (Qld).
normalis Spencer, 1962a: 656. PNG (Bismarck Arch).
obtusa Malloch, 1914: 323 (Agromyza). Taiwan; Australia (Qld), Indonesia (Irian Jaya), PNG (PNG); widesp. Oriental Reg.
     weberi de Meijere, 1922: 20. Indonesia (Java).
oculata Sasakawa, 1963d: 812. PNG (Bismarck Arch).
papuensis Spencer, 1962a: 657. PNG (PNG).
placata Spencer, 1977c: 49. Australia (NSW).
praesignis Spencer, 1977c: 50. Australia (NSW).
proboscidella Spencer, 1977c: 51. Australia (WA).
proclinata Spencer, 1963b: 151. Guam; Micronesia.
prodigiosa Spencer, 1977c: 52. Australia (WA).
pseudograta Spencer, 1977c: 53. Australia (Qld); Australia (NSW, WA).
pseudometallica Spencer, 1966b: 500. PNG (Bismarck Arch); Burma.
pseudoplacata Spencer, 1977c: 54. Australia (Qld).
pubiseta Hendel, 1923: 145 (Agromyza; n. n. for piliseta Malloch). Taiwan; Australia (Qld).
     piliseta Malloch, 1914: 326 (Agromyza). Taiwan. [Preocc. Becker, 1903.]
senecionella Spencer, 1976: 160. NZ (NZ).
     aeneoventris, authors, not Fallén, 1823, misid.
seneciophila Spencer, 1963a: 319. Australia (NSW); Australia (SA, Vic, WA).
sensoriata Sasakawa, 1963d: 805. Indonesia (Irian Jaya); Solomon Is.
sojae Zehntner, 1900: 113 (Agromyza). Indonesia (Java); Australia (NSW, Qld, WA), Belau, Fiji, Micronesia, New Caledonia (Loyalty Is), PNG (Bismarck Arch, Bougainville I), Solomon Is, Vanuatu; Japan, widesp. Afrotrop., Oriental Regs.
     producta Malloch, 1914: 325 (Agromyza). Taiwan.
     prolifica Malloch, 1914: 326 (Agromyza). Taiwan.
specifica Spencer, 1963a: 320. Australia (Qld); Australia (NSW).
spenceri Sasakawa, 1963c: 498. Western Samoa.
splendida Frick, 1953: 20. Hawaiian Is; widesp. S USA, S. Am.
     virens, authors, not Loew, 1869, misid.
sporoboli Sasakawa, 1963c: 499. American Samoa; Fiji.
surrufa Sasakawa, 1963d: 814. PNG (Bismarck Arch).
trepida Spencer, 1966b: 502. PNG (Bismarck Arch).
trifilis Spencer, 1977c: 59. Australia (NSW).
trispina Malloch, 1927h: 425 (Agromyza). Australia (WA).
verdescens Spencer, 1963a: 320. Australia (NSW); Australia (NT).

Genus OPHIOMYIA Brazhnikov

OPHIOMYIA Brazhnikov, 1897 (Agromyza subg.). Type species: Agromyza pulicaria Meigen, 1830 [misid., = Agromyza maura Meigen, 1830], mon.
alysicarpi Bezzi, 1928: 165 (Melanagromyza). Fiji; Australia (NT).
angustilunula Spencer, 1963a: 322. Australia (NSW).
atralis Spencer, 1961: 69 (Melanagromyza). Indonesia (Java); Australia (NT), Belau, French Polynesia (Austral Is, Tuamotus), Micronesia, New Caledonia (New Caledonia), Solomon Is, Tuvalu; India, Philippines, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Thailand.
cassiae Spencer, 1963a: 314 (Melanagromyza). Australia (NSW).
centrosematis de Meijere, 1940: 128 (Melanagromyza). Indonesia (Java); Australia (NSW, NT, Qld).
compositicaulis Spencer, 1977c: 74. Australia (WA); Australia (NSW, SA).
conspicua Spencer, 1961: 71 (Melanagromyza). Singapore; Australia (NSW, NT, Qld), Fiji, Indonesia (Irian Jaya), Lord Howe I, New Caledonia (New Caledonia), PNG (Bismarck Arch), Solomon Is, Vanuatu; widesp. Oriental Reg.
     joycei Sasakawa, 1963b: 417 (Melanagromyza). New Caledonia (New Caledonia).
cornuta de Meijere, 1910a: 161. Indonesia (Sumatra); Australia (NSW), Belau, Fiji, French Polynesia (Tuamotu Arch), Hawaiian Is, Kiribati, Marshall Is, Micronesia, New Caledonia (New Caledonia), Solomon Is, Tuvalu, Vanuatu.
     leucolepis Bezzi, 1928: 164. Fiji.
     scaevolae Frick, 1953: 207. Hawaiian Is.
     goodeniae Spencer, 1963a: 323. Australia (NSW).
cymbonoti Spencer, 1977c: 78. Australia (NSW); Australia (Vic).
deceptiva Spencer, 1977c: 80. Australia (Qld).
dulcis Spencer, 1977c: 82. Australia (NT).
dumosa Sasakawa, 2004: 85. Vanuatu.
fera Spencer, 1977c: 83. Australia (WA).
ferox Spencer, 1977a: 349. PNG (PNG)
gressitti Sasakawa, 1963d: 816. PNG (PNG).
hornabrooki Spencer, 1977a: 351. PNG (PNG).
kaputarensis Spencer, 1977c: 87. Australia (NSW).
lantanae Froggatt, 1919: 665. Australia (NSW); Australia (Qld), Fiji [purposely introduced], French Polynesia, Hawaiian Is, Micronesia, New Caledonia (Loyalty Is, New Caledonia [purposely introduced]), PNG (PNG), Solomon Is, Tonga, Vanuatu, Western Samoa; widesp. Neotrop. Reg.
lucidella Spencer, 1977c: 89. Australia (NSW).
lutzi Spencer, 1977a: 351. PNG (PNG).
marquesana Malloch, 1933b: 19 (Melanagromyza). French Polynesia (Marquesas).
melanagromyzae Spencer, 1977a: 351. PNG (PNG).
micra Spencer, 1963a: 324. Australia (NSW).
mussauensis Spencer, 1966b: 495 (centrosematis ssp.). PNG (Bismarck Arch); Australia (Qld).
nealae Sasakawa, 1964b: 425. Hawaiian Is.
negrosensis Spencer, 1962b: 675. Philippines; PNG (PNG).
otfordensis Spencer, 1977c: 92. Australia (NSW).
papuana Spencer, 1977a: 353. PNG (PNG).
parvula Spencer, 1977c: 95. Australia (Qld).
phalloides Sasakawa, 2004: 87. Vanuatu.
phaseoli Tryon, 1895: 4 (Oscinis). Australia (Qld); Australia (NSW, NT, WA), Belau, Fiji, Hawaiian Is [introduced], Micronesia, PNG (Bougainville I, PNG), Solomon Is, Tonga, Vanuatu, Western Samoa; widesp. Afrotrop., Oriental Regs.
     fabae Tryon, 1897: 35 (Oscinis). Nomen nudum.
     phaseoli Coquillett, 1899c: 128 (Agromyza). Australia (Qld).
     destructor Malloch, 1916a: 93 (Agromyza). Philippines.
placida Spencer, 1963a: 319 (Melanagromyza). Australia (Qld); New Caledonia (New Caledonia).
pullata Spencer, 1977c: 100. Australia (NSW).
rotata Spencer, 1965: 4. Philippines; Australia (Qld); Thailand.
simplex Loew, 1869a: 46 [1872b: 160] (Agromyza). USA; Hawaiian Is; widesp. N. Am., Europe [in association with cultivated asparagus].
solanicola Spencer, 1963a: 324. Australia (NSW).
subtilis Spencer, 1977c: 103. Australia (ACT).
tremenda Spencer, 1966b: 496. PNG (Bismarck Arch).
vegeta Spencer, 1977c: 105. Australia (NSW).

Genus TROPICOMYIA Spencer

TROPICOMYIA Spencer, 1973: 180. Type species: Melanagromyza flacourtiae Séguy, 1951 (as flacourthiae), orig. des.
atomella Malloch, 1914: 331 (Agromyza). Taiwan; Australia, Belau, Fiji, New Caledonia (Loyalty Is, New Caledonia), Northern Marianas, PNG, (Bismarck Arch, PNG), Solomon Is, Vanuatu.
coffeae Koningsberger, 1897: 25 (Oscinis). Indonesia (Java); PNG (PNG).
momordicae Sasakawa, 1963c: 496. American Samoa.
piperi Spencer, 1977a: 355. PNG (PNG).
polyphyta Kleinschmidt, 1961: 326 (Melanagromyza). Australia (Qld); Australia (NSW, NT), New Caledonia (New Caledonia).
     murrayae Spencer, 1963a: 317 (Melanagromyza). Australia (Qld).
ponderosa Spencer, 1977a: 355. PNG (PNG).
porrecta Spencer, 1977a: 357. PNG (PNG).

Subfamily PHYTOMYZINAE

Genus AMAUROMYZA Hendel

AMAUROMYZA Hendel, 1931a:59 (Dizygomyza subg.). Type species: Agromyza lamii Kaltenbach, 1858, orig. des.
caliginosa Spencer, 1963a: 327 (Phytobia). Australia (NSW).
maculosa Malloch, 1913b: 302 (Agromyza). USA; Easter I, Hawaiian Is; widesp. N. & S. Am.
papuensis Spencer, 1966b: 509. PNG (Bismarck Arch); PNG (PNG).
queenslandica Spencer, 1977c: 136. Australia (Qld).

Genus CALYCOMYZA Hendel

CALYCOMYZA Hendel, 1931b: 65 (Dizygomyza subg.). Type species: Phytomyza artemisiae Kaltenbach, 1856 (as Phythomyza), orig. des.
humeralis Roser, 1840: 63 (Agromyza). Not given [Germany]; Australia (NSW, Qld), Fiji, Hawaiian Is, Lord Howe I, New Caledonia (New Caledonia), PNG (PNG) [?introduced from Australia], Vanuatu; nearly cosmopol.
     artemisiae, authors, not Kaltenbach, 1856, misid.
     jucunda, authors, not Wulp, 1867, misid.
lantanae Frick, 1956: 287 (Phytobia). USA; Australia (NT, Qld), PNG (PNG) [all introduced for biocontrol]; Caribbean, S. Am., [introduced into Malaysia, Singapore].

Genus CERODONTHA Rondani

ODONTOCERA Macquart, 1835: 614. Type species: Chlorops denticornis Panzer, 1806, orig. des. [Preocc. Audinet-Serville, 1834.]
CERODONTHA Rondani, 1861b: 10 (n. n. for Odontocera).
CERATOMYZA Schiner, 1862b: 434 (n. n. for Odontocera).
CERODONTA Hendel, 1909a: 49 [1910b: 313] (unjust. emend. of Cerodontha).

Subgenus BUTOMOMYZA Nowakowski

BUTOMOMYZA Nowakowski, 1967: 633 (Cerodontha subg.). Type species: Agromyza angulata Loew, 1869, orig. des.
poemyzina Spencer, 1963a: 328 (Phytobia). Australia (NSW); Australia (Qld, Tas, WA).

Subgenus CERODONTHA Rondani

ODONTOCERA Macquart, 1835: 614 (as gen.). Type species: Chlorops denticornis Panzer, 1806, orig. des. [Preocc. Audinet-Serville, 1834.]
CERODONTHA Rondani, 1861b: 10 (as gen.; n. n. for Odontocera).
CERATOMYZA Schiner, 1862b: 434 (as gen.; n. n. for Odontocera).
CERODONTA Hendel, 1909a: 49 [1910b: 313] (as gen.; unjust. emend. of Cerodontha).
angustipennis Harrison, 1959: 311. NZ (NZ).
augustensis Spencer, 1977c: 145. Australia (WA).
australis Malloch, 1925f: 89. Australia (NSW); NZ (NZ), Norfolk I.
     denticornis, authors, not Panzer, 1806, misid.
delectabilis Spencer, 1977c: 147. Australia (WA).
fulva Spencer, 1977c: 148. Australia (NSW).
milleri Spencer, 1973: 296. Australia (NSW); Australia (ACT, Tas, Vic, WA), Lord Howe I.
robusta Malloch, 1925f: 90. Australia (NSW); Australia (Qld).
sylvesterensis Spencer, 1976: 168. NZ (NZ).
vittigera Malloch, 1927h: 423. Australia (WA); Australia (ACT, NSW).
voluptabilis Spencer, 1977c: 151. Australia (NSW).

Subgenus DIZYGOMYZA Hendel

DIZYGOMYZA Hendel, 1920a: 114 (as gen.). Type species: Agromyza morosa Meigen, 1830, orig. des.
laetifica Spencer, 1966b: 508. PNG (Bismarck Arch).
omissa Spencer, 1961: 86 (Phytobia). Taiwan; PNG (PNG).
     ochreata Sasakawa 1963d: 827 (Phytobia). PNG (PNG).

Subgenus ICTEROMYZA Hendel

ICTEROMYZA Hendel, 1931a: 51 (Dizygomyza subg.) Type species: Agromyza geniculata Fallén, 1823, orig. des.
duplicata Spencer, 1961: 81 (Phytobia). Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara); Indonesia (Irian Jaya), PNG (Bismarck Arch, PNG); Philippines, Taiwan, Thailand.
     floresensis Spencer, 1961: 84. Indonesia (Nusa Tenggara).
     hardyi Sasakawa, 1963d: 829 (Phytobia). Indonesia (Irian Jaya).
piliseta Becker, 1903: 190 (Agromyza). Egypt; Australia (NSW, Qld), Fiji, Guam, Micronesia, PNG (Bismarck Arch, PNG), Solomon Is, Vanuatu, Western Samoa; widesp. but localized in N Africa, Oriental Reg.
triplicata Spencer, 1963a: 328 (Phytobia). Australia (NSW); Australia (ACT, NT, Qld, WA).

Subgenus POEMYZA Hendel

POEMYZA Hendel, 1931a: 35 (Dizygomyza subg.). Type species: Agromyza pygmaea Meigen, 1830, orig. des.
curta Sasakawa, 1963d: 826 (Phytobia). PNG (PNG).
longimentula Sasakawa, 1963d: 824 (Phytobia). PNG (PNG); PNG (Bougainville I).

Genus CHROMATOMYIA Hardy

CHROMATOMYIA Hardy, 1849: 390. Type species: Phytomyza obscurella Fallén, 1823 [misid., = Phytomyza periclymeni de Meijere, 1924], des. Coquillett, 1910: 523.
syngenesiae Hardy, 1849: 391. Not given [Scotland] [original type locality], Ireland [neotype locality; see Griffiths, 1967: 7]; Australia (NSW, Qld, SA, Vic, WA), NZ (Antipodes Is, NZ) [all introduced]; Palearctic Reg.
     albiceps, authors, not Meigen, 1830, misid.
     atricornis, authors, not Meigen, 1838, misid.

Genus LIRIOMYZA Mik

LIRIOMYZA Mik, 1894: 284. Type species: Liriomyza urophorina Mik, 1894, mon.
andina Malloch, 1934f: 471 (Agromyza). Chile; Easter I.
antipoda Harrison, 1976: 138. NZ (Antipodes Is).
brassicae Riley, 1885: 322 (Oscinis). USA; Australia (NSW, Qld, SA, Tas, WA), Bonin Is, French Polynesia (Austral Is, Gambier Is), Guam, Hawaiian Is, PNG (PNG), Solomon Is, Vanuatu.
     hawaiiensis Frick, 1952: 513. Hawaiian Is.
cassiniae Spencer, 1977c: 190. Australia (ACT); Australia (NSW).
caulophaga Kleinschmidt, 1961: 334 (Haplomyza). Australia (Qld); widesp. Australia, Vanuatu.
chenopodii Watt, 1924: 683 (Haplomyza). NZ (NZ); widesp. Australia.
     betae Coquillett, 1900e: 389 (Phytomyza). Australia (WA). [Preocc. Macquart, 1855.]
     imitans Malloch, 1934c: 1 (Haplomyza). Australia (NSW).
citreifemorata Watt, 1923: 478 (Agromyza). NZ (NZ).
clianthi Watt, 1923: 479 (Agromyza). NZ (NZ).
cocculi Frick, 1953: 210 (Phytobia). Hawaiian Is.
     approximata, authors, not Hendel, 1920, misid.
compositella Spencer, 1961: 87. Taiwan; Indonesia (Irian Jaya), Lord Howe I, PNG (PNG); widesp. Oriental Reg.
     pusilla Malloch, 1914: 312 (Agromyza). Taiwan. [Preocc. Meigen, 1830.]
craspediae Spencer, 1976: 187. NZ (NZ).
electa Spencer, 1977c: 197. Australia (SA).
flavocentralis Watt, 1923: 474 (Agromyza). NZ (NZ).
flavolateralis Watt, 1923: 471 (Agromyza). NZ (NZ).
hebae Spencer, 1976: 180. NZ (NZ).
helichrysi Spencer, 1963a: 333. Australia (NSW); Australia (Vic, WA).
homeri Spencer, 1976: 174. NZ (NZ).
huidobrensis Blanchard, 1926: 10 (Agromyza). Argentina; Easter I, Hawaiian Is; widesp. W USA, S. Am.
     cucumifoliae Blanchard, 1938: 352. Argentina.
     langei Frick, 1951: 81. USA.
     bryoniae, authors, not Kaltenbach, 1858, misid.
impolita Spencer, 1977c: 199. Australia (ACT); Australia (NSW, SA).
inopinata Spencer, 1977c: 200. Australia (NSW).
languida Spencer, 1977c: 201. Australia (WA).
lepida Spencer, 1977c: 202. Australia (NT).
lepidii Harrison, 1976: 138. NZ (NZ).
meracula Spencer, 1977c: 203. Australia (SA); Australia (WA).
obscurata Spencer, 1963a: 334. Australia (NSW); Australia (ACT, Vic).
oleariae Spencer, 1976: 188. NZ (NZ).
oleariana Spencer, 1977c: 205. Australia (WA).
palauensis Spencer, 1963b: 159. Belau.
penita Spencer, 1976: 175. NZ (NZ).
plantaginella Spencer, 1976: 180. NZ (NZ).
primitiva Spencer, 1977c: 207. Australia (NSW).
prostrata Sasakawa, 1963b: 830 (Phytobia). PNG (PNG).
     mikaniae Spencer, 1977a: 362. PNG (PNG).
pusilla Meigen--not Australasian/Oceanian.
sativae Blanchard, 1938: 354. Argentina; Guam, Hawaiian Is, New Caledonia (New Caledonia).
     pullata Frick, 1952: 509. Hawaiian Is.
     canomarginis Frick, 1952: 511. Hawaiian Is.
     minutiseta Frick, 1952: 512. Hawaiian Is.
scaevolae Spencer, 1977c: 208. Australia (WA); Australia (NSW).
tenera Spencer, 1977c: 250. Australia (SA); Australia (NSW).
trifolii Burgess in Comstock, 1880: 201 (Oscinis). USA; Guam, Hawaiian Is; nearly cosmopol. [by commercial introduction since 1976].
umbrina Watt, 1923: 467 (Agromyza). NZ (NZ).
umbrinella Watt, 1923: 469 (Agromyza). NZ (NZ).
umbrosa Watt, 1923: 476 (Agromyza). NZ (NZ).
urticae Watt, 1924: 685 (Agromyza). NZ (NZ).
vicina Spencer, 1976: 176. NZ (NZ).
wahlenbergiae Spencer, 1976: 188. NZ (NZ).

Genus PARAPHYTOMYZA Enderlein

PARAPHYTOMYZA Enderlein, 1936f: 179. Unavailable name; genus-group name proposed after 1930 without type-species designation.
PARAPHYTOMYZA
Enderlein, 1936c: 42. Type species: Phytomyza xylostei Robineau-Desvoidy, 1851, orig. des. [Genus group-name made available by bibliographic reference to Enderlein, 1936f: 179.] [NB: Since the 1989 catalog, it was discovered that Enderlein 1936f was published before Enderlein 1936c.]
PHYTAGROMYZA, authors, not Hendel, 1920, misid.
kraussi Sasakawa, 1963d: 832 (Phytagromyza). PNG (PNG).

Genus PHYTOBIA Lioy

PHYTOBIA Lioy, 1864a: 1313. Type species: Agromyza errans Meigen, 1830, mon.
SHIZUKOA Sasakawa, 1963a: 38. Type species: Shizukoa seticopia Sasakawa, 1963, orig. des.
bifistula Sasakawa, 2004: 92. Solomon Is.
colorata Spencer, 1977c: 124. Australia (Qld).
fausta Spencer, 1977c: 125. Australia (SA); Australia (WA).
frutescens Sasakawa, 1996: 22. PNG (PNG).
furcata Sasakawa, 1963d: 819 (Shizukoa). PNG (Bismarck Arch); PNG (PNG).
fusca Sasakawa, 1996: 21. PNG (PNG).
hirticula
Sasakawa, 1963d: 822 (Shizukoa). PNG (PNG); Philippines.
incerta Spencer, 1963a: 330 (Phytobia). Australia (Qld).
     testacea Spencer, 1963a: 308 (Agromyza). Australia (Qld).
insulana Spencer, 1977c: 128. Lord Howe I.
inusitata Spencer, 1966b: 504. PNG (Bismarck Arch); PNG (PNG).
liepae Spencer, 1977c: 129. Lord Howe I.
maai Spencer, 1962b: 664 (Agromyza). Thailand; PNG (Bismarck Arch, PNG).
macalpinei Spencer, 1977c: 130. Lord Howe I.
malabarensis Spencer, 1977c: 131. Lord Howe I.
manifesta Spencer, 1977c: 131. Australia (NSW).
millarae Spencer, 1977a: 358. PNG (PNG).
optabilis Spencer, 1977c: 133. Australia (ACT).
prolata Sasakawa, 1963d: 818 (Shizukoa). PNG (PNG).
sasakawai Spencer, 1989: 545 (n.n for magna Sasakawa). Australia (NSW).
     magna Sasakawa, 1964a: 215 (Phytobia). Australia (NSW). [Preocc. Sasakawa, 1963.]
seticopia Sasakawa, 1963: 41 (Shizukoa). Malaysia (Sabah); PNG (PNG); Philippines.
terminalis Sasakawa, 1963d: 820 (Shizukoa). PNG (PNG); PNG (Bismarck Arch).
     yalomensis Spencer, 1966b: 507. PNG (Bismarck Arch).


Genus PHYTOLIRIOMYZA Hendel

PHYTOLIRIOMYZA Hendel, 1931a: 15, 17 (Liriomyza subg.). Type species: Agromyza perpusilla Meigen, 1830, mon.
arctica Lundbeck, 1901: 304 (Agromyza). Greenland; PNG (Bismarck Arch); virtually cosmopol. [tentative identification from females only].
australensis Spencer, 1963a: 335. Australia (NSW); French Polynesia (Society Is), New Caledonia (New Caledonia); Nepal, Thailand.
     tahitiensis Sasakawa, 1963c: 503. French Polynesia (Society Is).
australina Spencer, 1963a: 331 (Liriomyza). Australia (NSW); Australia (Qld).
bicolorata Spencer, 1976: 194. NZ (NZ).
bidensiphoeta Spencer, 1977a: 364. PNG (PNG).
cognata Spencer, 1977c: 161. Australia (Qld).
collessi Spencer, 1977c: 162. Australia (NSW).
convoluta Spencer, 1976: 192. NZ (NZ).
cyatheae Spencer, 1976: 195. NZ (NZ).
flavopleura Watt, 1923: 481 (Agromyza). NZ (NZ).
var. casta Watt, 1923: 482. NZ (NZ).
flavopleuralis Spencer, 1977c: 163. Australia (Qld).
huttensis Spencer, 1976: 194. NZ (NZ).
lacunosa Spencer, 1977c: 164. Australia (NSW).
lobata Sasakawa, 1963d: 831 (Phytobia). PNG (PNG).
minuta Spencer, 1977a: 364. PNG (PNG).
mollis Spencer, 1977c: 165. Australia (SA); Australia (NSW).
monstruosa Spencer, 1977c: 166. Australia (NSW).
montana Frick, 1953: 213. Hawaiian Is.
     perpusilla, authors, not Meigen, 1830, misid.
nigricans Spencer, 1977c: 167. Australia (WA).
pallidicentralis Malloch, 1927h: 427 (Agromyza). Australia (NSW); Australia (ACT).
     singularis Spencer, 1963a: 334 (Liriomyza). Australia (ACT). [Preocc. Frey, 1946.]
     significans Spencer, 1966a: 300 (n. n. for singularis Spencer).
pittosporocaulis Hering, 1962: 84 (Phytobia). Australia (NSW); Australia (ACT).
pittosporophylli Hering, 1962: 89 (Phytobia). Australia (NSW).
polita Spencer, 1977c: 172. Australia (NSW); Australia (Vic).
praecellens Spencer, 1977c: 173. Australia (SA).
queenslandica Spencer, 1977c: 174. Australia (Qld).
rieki Spencer, 1977c: 176. Australia (NSW).
spectata Spencer, 1977a: 364. PNG (PNG).
striatella Spencer, 1977c: 177. Australia (WA); Australia (NT).
sublima Spencer, 1977a: 366. PNG (PNG).
tearohensis Spencer, 1976: 198. NZ (NZ).
tricolor Malloch, 1927h: 427 (Agromyza). Australia (NSW); Australia (ACT, SA, Vic, WA); Thailand.
variana Spencer, 1977c: 180. Australia (NSW); Australia (WA).

Genus PHYTOMYZA Fallén

PHYTOMYZA Fallén, 1810a: 21. Type species: Phytomyza flaveola Fallén, 1810 [= Musca ranunculi Schrank, 1803], mon.
anthocercidis Spencer, 1977c: 223. Australia (WA).
clematadi Watt, 1923: 484. NZ (NZ).
clematidicolla Spencer, 1963a: 337. Australia (ACT); Australia (NSW, Qld, SA, Vic, WA).
costata Harrison, 1959: 315. NZ (NZ).
diminuta Walker--not Australasian/Oceanian.
improvisa Spencer, 1976: 202. NZ (NZ).
inusitata Sasakawa, 2004: 99. Vanuatu.
lyalli Spencer, 1976: 203. NZ (NZ).
orientalis Spencer, 1962a: 660. PNG (PNG); Indonesia (Java).
placita Spencer, 1977b: 226. Australia (ACT).
plantaginis Goureau*, 1851: 142. France; Australia (ACT, NSW, Tas, Vic, WA), Hawaiian Is, NZ (NZ) [all introduced]; USA [introduced], Palearctic Reg. [*Many publications list Robineau-Desvoidy as the author of this species; however, it is clear from the original description in Goureau (1851) that Robineau-Desvoidy did not satisfy the criteria in Art. 50.1 of the Code to be the author in that publication.--Ed.]
     robinaldi Goureau, 1848: 185. Nomen nudum.
     robinaldi Goureau, 1851: 142. France.
     plantaginis Robineau-Desvoidy, 1851b: 404. France. [Preocc. Goureau, 1851.]
pulchella Spencer, 1977c: 228. Australia (SA).
ranunculicaulis Spencer, 1977c: 230. Australia (WA).
venerabilis Spencer, 1977c: 233. Australia (Qld).
vitalbae Kaltenbach, 1872: 4. Germany; Australia (ACT, NSW, Vic, WA), NZ (NZ) [introduced]; widesp. Europe.

Genus PSEUDONAPOMYZA Hendel

PSEUDONAPOMYZA Hendel, 1920a: 115. Type species: Phytomyza atra Meigen, 1830, orig. des.
NAPOMYZA, Wirth, 1947, not Westwood, 1840, misid.
cingulata Sasakawa, 1963d: 834. PNG (PNG).
dilatata Sasakawa, 1963d: 504. American Samoa.
fabulosa Spencer, 1966b: 512. PNG (Bismarck Arch).
flavolunulata Sasakawa, 1963b: 420 (Phytagromyza). New Caledonia (New Caledonia).
memorata Spencer, 1977c: 213. Australia (Qld).
multimoda Spencer, 1966b: 512. PNG (Bismarck Arch); Solomon Is.
ommata Sasakawa, 2004: 96. New Caledonia (New Caledonia).
parilis Spencer, 1977c: 214. Australia (NSW).
probata Spencer, 1977c: 215. Australia (Qld); Australia (NT).
pudica Spencer, 1977c: 217. Australia (NSW).
rara Spencer, 1977c: 218. Australia (Qld).
salubris Spencer, 1977c: 218. Australia (NSW).
spicata Malloch, 1914: 334 (Phytomyza). Taiwan; Belau, Bonin Is, Guam, Hawaiian Is, Marshall Is, Micronesia, New Caledonia (Loyalty Is, New Caledonia), PNG (Bismarck Arch), Solomon Is, Tuvalu, Vanuatu. [Previous records from Australia are misid.]
spinosa Spencer, 1973: 275. Egypt; American Samoa, Australia, Fiji, Kiribati, New Caledonia (Loyalty Is, New Caledonia); India, widesp. Afrotrop. Reg.
     atra, authors, not Meigen, 1830, misid.


This page last revised 28 May 2007