Australasian/Oceanian Diptera Catalog -- Web Version

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108. Family FANNIIDAE

By Adrian C. Pont

The Fanniidae are a small, primitive group of Calyptratae, largely confined to the Holarctic and temperate Neotropical regions. There are some 265 species in 4 genera, with very few species in the Afrotropical (11), Oriental (29), and Australasian (14) regions.

Adults are medium-sized to small species and are often mainly dark in body and leg color. Males congregate in characteristic dancing swarms beneath trees; females are more retiring in habit and are collected by sweeping vegetation. Larvae are characterized by their flattened bodies with striking lateral protuberances, and live as scavengers in various kinds of decaying organic matter.
Refs.: Chillcott (1961, classif.), Hennig (1965, classif.), Snyder (1965, rev. Micronesian spp.), Lyneborg (1970, immat. syst.), Pont (1977, rev. Australian spp.), Hardy (1981, rev. Hawaiian spp.), Holloway (1985, rev. NZ immat.).


AUSTRALOFANNIA Pont, 1977: 5. Type species: Australofannia spiniclunis Pont, 1977, orig. des.
spiniclunis Pont, 1977: 8. Australia (NSW); Australia (ACT, Tas, Vic).

Genus EURYOMMA Stein

EURYOMMA Stein, 1899: 19. Type species: Euryomma hispaniense Stein, 1899 [= Anthomyia peregrina Meigen, 1826], mon.
peregrinum Meigen, 1826: 187 (Anthomyia). Germany; Australia (NSW, Qld, Vic, WA), Easter I, Fiji, Hawaiian Is [immigrant], NZ (NZ), Norfolk I; pantrop.
     dubia Grimshaw, 1901: 43 (Hoplogaster). Hawaiian Is.

Genus FANNIA Robineau-Desvoidy

FANNIA Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 567. Type species: Fannia saltatrix Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830 [= Musca scalaris Fabricius, 1794], mon.
HOMALOMYIA Bouché, 1834: 89. Type species: Musca canicularis Linnaeus, 1761, des. Westwood, 1840: 143.
HOMOLAMYIA. Incorr. orig. spell. of Homalomyia (Bouché, 1834: 89).
HOMALOMYA, error for Homalomyia.
albitarsis Stein, 1911: 105. Bolivia & Chile & Peru; Australia (NSW, Vic), Fiji, NZ (NZ); S. Afr., Neotrop. Reg.
anteroventralis Pont, 1977: 18. Australia (NSW); Australia (Tas, Vic, WA).
anthracinalis Dominguez & Pont, 2014: 24. NZ (NZ).
australis Malloch, 1923c: 605. Australia (NSW); Australia (ACT, Qld, SA, Tas, Vic, WA).
canicularis Linnaeus, 1761: 454 (Musca; unjust. n. n. for lateralis Linnaeus). "Europa"; widesp. Australia (excl. NT), Hawaiian Is [immigant], Kiribati (Gilbert Is), New Caledonia (New Caledonia), NZ (Antipodes Is, Auckland I, NZ), PNG (PNG); cosmopol.
     lateralis Linnaeus, 1758: 597 (Musca). Suppressed by I.C.Z.N., 1969b: 123.
     fraxinea Hutton, 1901: 75 (Homalomyia). NZ (NZ).
capitalis Pont, 1977: 35. Australia (ACT); Australia (NSW).
hollowayae Dominguez & Pont, 2014: 30. NZ (NZ).
Pont, 1977: 30. Lord Howe I; Norfolk I.
laqueorum Dominguez & Pont, 2014: 32. NZ (Snares Is).
Meigen, 1826: 328 (Anthomyia). Germany; Australia (Qld), Belau, PNG (PNG), Solomon Is; Afrotrop., Nearctic, Oriental, Palearctic Regs.
magnicornis Dominguez & Pont, 2014: 34. NZ (NZ).
Dominguez & Pont, 2014: 35. NZ (Chatham Is).
Dominguez & Pont, 2014: 36. NZ (NZ).
Pont, 1977: 22. Norfolk I.
prisca Stein, 1918: 154. Taiwan; Bonin Is; Oriental Reg.
pusio Wiedemann, 1830a: 437 (Anthomyia). "Südamerika"; Easter I, Fiji, Guam, Hawaiian Is [immigrant], Kiribati (Gilbert Is), New Caledonia (New Caledonia), Pitcairn Is, Wake I, Western Samoa; Afrotrop., Nearctic, Neotrop. Regs.
     femorata Loew, 1861a: 42 (Homalomyia). Cuba.
     glabella Bezzi, 1928: 174. Fiji.
scalaris Fabricius, 1794: 332 (Musca). Denmark; Australia (?SA); Afrotrop., Nearctic, Neotrop., Palearctic Regs.
tasmaniae Pont, 1977: 25. Australia (Tas); Australia (NSW, SA).
triregum Dominguez & Pont, 2014: 38. NZ (NZ).

Genus ZEALANDOFANNIA Dominguez & Pont

ZEALANDOFANNIA Dominguez & Pont, 2014: 40. Type species: Zealandofannia mystacina Dominguez & Pont, 2014, orig. des.
mystacina Dominguez & Pont, 2014: 41. NZ (NZ).

This page last revised 13 April 2016