Australasian/Oceanian Diptera Catalog -- Web Version

Go to A/O Catalog Home Page

63. Family ULIDIIDAE

[Originally as Otitidae] By Neal L. Evenhuis

The Otitidae, or picture-winged flies, are poorly represented in the regions covered here. The Otitinae, primarily a Holarctic and Neotropical subfamily, is represented here by 1 introduced species and 1 endemic species. The latter is placed in the eastern Palearctic and Oriental Herina. The Ulidiinae, often considered a separate family by some workers, is represented in these regions by 3 endemic genera: Heterodoxa, Neoeuxesta, and Perissoneura. Pseudeuxesta is primarily Australasian/Oceanian, but extends to Sulawesi in the Oriental Region as well as to the Seychelles and tropical shores of the Indian Ocean. Based on information supplied by J.F. McAlpine (in litt.) the genus Lipsana is transferred here from the Lonchaeidae.

Little is known of the biology of these flies, but published records show that they are found on living or decaying vegetation and excrement. Tritoxa flexa (Wiedemann), the black onion fly, is a pest of onion bulbs in the United States (Manis 1941), and Tetanops myopaeformis (Röder) is a well-known pest of sugar beets in the United States.

About 400 species in 50 genera are known in this family. Though the family is cosmopolitan and most speciose in the tropics, only 25 species in 11 genera are recorded here.
Refs.: Allen & Foote (1967, biol.), Lower (1970, cat. Australasian/Oceanian spp.), Daniels (1976c, key Australian spp.), Hardy & Delfinado (1980, rev. Hawaiian spp.), Yoon et al. (1983, biol. Euxesta quaternaria), Ferrar (1987, immat.).

Subfamily OTITINAE

Genus CEROXYS Rondani

MECKELIA Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 714. Type species: Oscinis elegans Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830 [= Musca hyalinata Panzer, 1798 (n. syn.)], des. Coquillett, 1910: 564. [Preocc. Leucart, 1828.]
CEROXYS Macquart, 1835: 437. Type species: Musca urticae Linnaeus, 1758, des. Westwood, 1840: 149.
CERATOXYS Rondani, 1861b: 10 (n. n. for Meckelia).
ANACAMPTA Loew, 1868b: 7. Type species: Musca urticae Linnaeus, 1758, des. Loew, 1873b: 58.
latiusculus Loew, 1873b: 130 (Anacampta). USA; Hawaiian Is [introduced], Western Samoa [introduced]; Canada, Mexico.

Genus HERINA Robineau-Desvoidy

HERINA Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 724. Type species: Herina liturata Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830, des. Hennig, 1939: 59.
RHADINOMYIA Schiner, 1868: 290. Type species: Rhadinomyia orientalis Schiner, 1868, orig. des.
HYPSOMYIA McAlpine, 1965: 218. Type species: Hypsomyia goilala McAlpine, 1965, orig. des.
HERNIA, error for Herina.
goilala McAlpine, 1965: 218 (Hypsomyia). PNG (PNG).



ACROSTICTA Loew, 1868a: 293. Type species: Acrosticta scrobiculata Loew, 1868, des. Coquillett, 1910: 503.
apicalis Williston, 1896: 375 (Euxesta). St. Vincent I; Australia (Qld), Fiji, French Polynesia (Marquesas, Society Is), Guam, Hawaiian Is, Henderson I, Nauru, Northern Marianas, Pitcairn Is, Western Samoa [all introduced]; Galapagos Is, West Indies, USA S to Argentina, Afrotrop. Reg. [introduced].
      pallipes Grimshaw, 1901: 44. Hawaiian Is [introduced].

Genus EUXESTA Loew

EUXESTA Loew, 1868a: 297. Type species: Ortalis notata Wiedemann, 1830, des. Coquillett, 1910: 543.
annonae Fabricius, 1794: 358 (Musca). "Americae insulis" [= West Indies]; Fiji, Guam, Hawaiian Is [all introduced]; Philippines [introduced], USA, Neotrop. Reg.
     quadrivittata Macquart, 1835: 456 (Urophora). Cuba.
     exilis Knab, 1916: 45. Philippines.
eluta Loew, 1868a: 312. Cuba; Easter I, French Polynesia (Society Is); Neotrop. Reg.
hyalipennis Malloch, 1932n: 209. French Polynesia (Marquesas).
laffooni Steyskal, 1952a: 280. Vanuatu.
     lafooni, error for laffooni.
penacamposi Steyskal in Campos & Peña, 1973: 226. Easter I.
pruinosa Malloch, 1932n: 210. French Polynesia (Marquesas).
stigmatias Loew, 1868a: 310. Cuba; Pitcairn Is; Mexico, West Indies S to Bolivia.
wettsteini Hendel, 1909d: 165. Brazil; Hawaiian Is [introduced]; Paraguay, Trinidad, Venezuela.

Genus HETERODOXA Malloch

HETERODOXA Malloch, 1932n: 211. Type species: Heterodoxa uapouae Malloch, 1932, orig. des.
fatuhivae Malloch, 1932n: 214. French Polynesia (Marquesas).
hivaoae Malloch, 1932n: 213. French Polynesia (Marquesas).
uahukae Malloch, 1932n: 214. French Polynesia (Marquesas).
uapouae Malloch, 1932n: 212. French Polynesia (Marquesas).

Genus NEOEUXESTA Malloch

NEOEUXESTA Malloch, 1930d: 218. Type species: Neoeuxesta fumicosta Malloch, 1930, orig. des.
fumicosta Malloch, 1930d: 218. Western Samoa.
guamana Steyskal, 1952a: 283. Guam.


NOTOGRAMMA Loew, 1868a: 289. Type species: Notogramma cimiciformis Loew, 1868, mon.
cimiciforme Loew, 1868a: 289. Cuba; Belau, Guam, Hawaiian Is, Northern Marianas, Wake I [all introduced]; Mexico, USA, Neotrop. Reg.
stigma Fabricius--not Australasian/Oceanian.


PERISSONEURA Malloch, 1932n: 207. Type species: Perissoneura diversipennis Malloch, 1932, orig. des.
diversipennis Malloch, 1932n: 207. French Polynesia (Marquesas); Pitcairn Is.


PHYSIPHORA Fallén, 1810a: 11. Type species: Chrysomyza splendida Fallén, 1817 [= Musca demandata Fabricius, 1798], subs. mon. Fallén, 1817b: 3.
CHRYSOMYZA Fallén, 1817b: 3. Type species: Chrysomyza splendida Fallén, 1817 [= Musca demandata Fabricius, 1798], mon.
CLIOCHLORIA Enderlein, 1927: 103. Type species: Musca aenea Fabricius, 1794 [preocc., = Ulidia clausa Macquart, 1843], orig. des.
aperta Steyskal, 1952a: 285. Solomon Is.
clausa Macquart, 1843: 408(251) (Ulidia). Indonesia (Java); Australia (NSW, NT, Qld, WA), Guam, Hawaiian Is, Indonesia (Irian Jaya), Kiribati (Gilbert Is), Marshall Is, New Caledonia (New Caledonia), Northern Marianas, PNG (Bougainville I, PNG), Solomon Is, Vanuatu, Western Samoa; widesp. Afrotrop., Nearctic, Neotrop, Oriental Regs.
     aenea Fabricius, 1794: 335 (Musca). "India orientali." [Preocc. Scopoli, 1763.]
demandata Fabricius, 1798: 564 (Musca). West Germany; Australia (SA) [introduced], Hawaiian Is [introduced]; S Afrotrop., Nearctic, Neotrop., Palearctic Regs.


PSEUDEUXESTA Hendel, 1910c: 30. Type species: Euxesta prima Osten Sacken, 1881, orig. des.
prima Osten Sacken, 1881a: 470 (Euxesta). Indonesia (Sulawesi); Australia (Qld), Belau, Guam, Hawaiian Is, Indonesia (Irian Jaya, Maluku), Marshall Is, Northern Marianas, Palmyra Atoll, PNG (PNG), Solomon Is, Vanuatu, Western Samoa.
     semifasciata Malloch, 1930d: 216 (Euxesta). Tuvalu.


Genus LIPSANA Enderlein

LIPSANA Enderlein, 1938: 676. Type species: Lipsana insulaepaschalis Enderlein, 1938, orig. des.
insulaepaschalis Enderlein, 1938: 677. Easter I.

Unplaced species of Otitidae

aenea Macquart, 1847a: (93) [1847b: 109] (Tephritis). "Nouvelle-Hollande" [locality probably in error].

This page last revised 27 September 2012