Pyrgotidae -- a/o cat.

Australasian/Oceanian Diptera Catalog -- Web Version

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By Brian R. Pitkin

There are about 330 species and 50 genera of Pyrgotidae worldwide with over one-third of these from the Afrotropical Region. Three subfamilies [Lochmostyliinae, Pyrgotinae, and Toxurinae (= Paratoxurinae)] are currently recognized, but thorough morphological study of the genera is needed before interrelationships of these 3 can be understood. There are 73 species in 17 genera recorded from the Australasian/Oceanian Regions.

The biology of only a few species is known. The larvae are internal parasitoids of Coleoptera and Hymenoptera. The adults are mainly nocturnal and are most easily caught using light traps, but adults of Prodalmannia visit flowers by day.
Refs.: Paramonov (1958c, keys Australian gen., spp.), McAlpine (1978a, nomencl.).


ACROPYRGOTA Hendel, 1914b: 111. Type species: Acropyrgota flavescens Hendel, 1914, orig. des.
flavescens Hendel, 1914b: 112. Not given [Australia (NT)].


ADAPSILIA Waga, 1842: 294 [1843: 279]. Type species: Adapsilia coarctata Waga, 1842, mon.
aequalis Malloch, 1939a: 51. PNG (PNG).
gratiosa Paramonov, 1958c: 106. Australia (NSW).
illingworthana Bezzi, 1929: 16. Australia (Qld).

Genus ADAPSONA Paramonov

ADAPSONA Paramonov, 1958c: 106. Type species: Adapsona commoni Paramonov, 1958, orig. des.
commoni Paramonov, 1958c: 106. Australia (ACT).
fulva Paramonov, 1958c: 107. Australia (WA).
noctivaga Paramonov, 1958e: 600. Australia (Qld).

Genus APYRGOTA Hendel

APYRGOTA Hendel, 1909b: 19. Type species: Eupyrgota scioida Hendel, 1908, mon. [Genus proposed conditionally, but available under I.C.Z.N. Code Art. 15.]
alienata Walker, 1861e: 22 (Oxycephala). Indonesia (Maluku).
scioida Hendel, 1908a: 149 (Eupyrgota). Indonesia (Maluku).

Genus CAMPYLOCERA Macquart

CAMPYLOCERA Macquart, 1843: 377(220). Type species: Campylocera ferruginea Macquart, 1843, orig. des.
HEXAMERINX Enderlein, 1942: 131. Type species: Campylocera latigenis Hendel, 1913, orig. des.
brevicornis Hendel, 1908a: 152. PNG (PNG).
hyalipennis Malloch, 1929h: 30. Australia (Qld).

Genus CARDIACERA Macquart

CARDIACERA Macquart, 1847a: 92 [1847b: 108]. Type species: Cardiacera dispar Macquart, 1847, mon.
EPICERELLA Macquart, 1851: 266(293). Type species: Epicerella guttipennis Macquart, 1851, mon.
PAREPICERELLA Hendel, 1934c: 145. Type species: Epicerella miliacea Hendel, 1913, orig. des.
SESTROPTERA Enderlein, 1942: 100. Type species: Epicerella multipunctata Malloch, 1929, orig. des.
PYRGELLA Paramonov, 1958c: 116. Type species: Pyrgella calabyana Paramonov, 1958, orig. des.
MUSGRAVENA Paramonov, 1958c: 117. Type species: Musgravena anthonyi Paramonov, 1958, orig. des.
CARDIOCERA, error for Cardiacera.
acuticornis Paramonov, 1958c: 127 (Epicerella). Australia (ACT).
anthonyi Paramonov, 1958c: 117 (Musgravena). Australia (Vic).
armipes Paramonov, 1958c: 130 (Epicerella). Australia (Qld).
barringtoni Paramonov, 1958c: 132 (Epicerella). Australia (NSW).
bella Paramonov, 1958c: 122 (Epicerella). Australia (WA); Australia (ACT, Tas, Vic).
bourkei Paramonov, 1958e: 598 (Epicerella). Australia (NSW).
calabyana Paramonov, 1958c: 116 (Pyrgella). Australia (WA).
campbelli Paramonov, 1958c: 126 (Epicerella). Australia (Tas).
carnei Paramonov, 1958c: 117 (Pyrgella). Australia (NSW & Vic).
cribripennis Bezzi, 1929: 15 (Acropyrgota). Australia (Vic).
dispar Macquart, 1847a: 92 [1847b: 108]. Australia (Tas); Australia (NSW).
    plagiata Bezzi, 1929: 11 (Epicerella). Australia (NSW).
guttipennis Macquart, 1851: 267(294) (Epicerella). Australia (Tas).
imitatrix Paramonov, 1958c: 130 (Epicerella). Australia (NSW).
inermis Paramonov, 1958c: 122 (Epicerella). Australia (SA).
latifrons Paramonov, 1958c: 129 (Epicerella). Australia (ACT).
maculipennis Bezzi, 1929: 14 (Epicerella). Australia (Vic).
minor Bezzi, 1929: 15 (Epicerella). Australia (NSW).
miliacea Hendel, 1914b: 112 (Epicerella). Australia (Qld); Australia (NSW).
montana Paramonov, 1958c: 125 (Epicerella). Australia (NSW).
multipunctata Malloch, 1929h: 27 (Epicerella). Australia (Qld).
nigrescens Paramonov, 1958c: 127 (Epicerella). Australia (ACT & NSW & WA).
noctua Paramonov, 1958c: 133 (Epicerella). Australia (Vic).
norsemanica Paramonov, 1958c: 122 (Epicerella). Australia (WA).
nova Walker, 1849: 1084 (Tetanocera). "New Holland."
ocelligera Paramonov, 1958e: 599 (Epicerella). Australia (Qld).
pilosocula Paramonov, 1958c: 134 (Epicerella). Australia (Vic).
punctulata Hendel, 1914b: 114 (Epicerella). Australia (WA).
rava Paramonov, 1958c: 131 (Epicerella). Australia (NSW).
setosa Bezzi, 1929: 12 (Epicerella). Australia (NSW).
simulatrix Paramonov, 1958c: 131 (Epicerella). Australia (NSW).
strumosa Bezzi, 1929: 13 (Epicerella). Australia (NSW).
triangularis Malloch, 1929h: 26 (Epicerella). Australia (Qld).
uniforma Paramonov, 1958c: 126 (Epicerella). Australia (NSW).

Genus COMMONIELLA Paramonov

COMMONIELLA Paramonov, 1958c: 134. Type species: Commoniella noctua Paramonov, 1958, orig. des.
fredericki Paramonov, 1958c: 135. Australia (Qld).
noctua Paramonov, 1958c: 135. Australia (Qld).

Genus EPICE Paramonov

EPICERINA Malloch, 1939a: 52. Type species: Epicerina setifemur Malloch, 1939, orig. des. [Preocc. Macquart, 1850.]
EPICE Paramonov, 1958c: 115 (n. n. for Epicerina).
setifemur Malloch, 1939a: 52 (Epicerina). PNG (PNG).

Genus EUPHYA Wulp

EUPHYA Wulp, 1885f: 221. Type species: Tetanocera tripunctata Doleschall, 1857, mon.
EUMORPHOMYIA Hendel, 1907a: 98 (unnec. n. n. for Euphya).
tripunctata Doleschall, 1857: 415 (Tetanocera). Indonesia (Maluku).

Genus FACILINA Paramonov

FACILINA Paramonov, 1958c: 94. Type species: Facilina campbelli Paramonov, 1958, orig. des.
campbelli Paramonov, 1958c: 94. Australia (Vic).
commoni Paramonov, 1958c: 95. Australia (ACT).
tertia Paramonov, 1958c: 96. Australia (ACT).

Genus FRONTALIA Malloch

FRONTALIA Malloch, 1929h: 28. Type species: Frontalia genalis Malloch, 1929, orig. des.
bredboana Paramonov, 1958c: 99. Australia (NSW).
genalis Malloch, 1929h: 29. Australia (WA).
montana Paramonov, 1958c: 97. Australia (NSW).
noctua Paramonov, 1958c: 99. Australia (ACT).
tonnoiri Paramonov, 1958c: 98. Australia (ACT).


MAENOMENUS Bezzi, 1929: 4. Type species: Maenomenus ensifer Bezzi, 1929, orig. des.
ensifer Bezzi, 1929: 6. Australia (NSW); Australia (ACT).

Genus NEOTOXURA Malloch

NEOTOXURA Malloch, 1929h: 23. Type species: Toxura discoidalis Bezzi, 1929, orig. des.
AUSTROMYIA Hardy, 1954a: 327. Type species: Austromyia neglecta Hardy, 1954, orig. des.
angustifrons Hendel, 1914b: 116 (Toxura). Australia (Qld).
discoidalis Bezzi, 1929: 9 (Toxura). Australia (NSW).
longipalpis Hendel, 1908a: 147 (Toxura). Australia (NSW).
neglecta Hardy, 1954a: 327 (Austromyia). Australia (NSW).
robusta Bezzi, 1929: 8 (Toxura). Australia (Vic).
variegata Hendel, 1908a: 148 (Toxura). "Nord-Australien."


NICHOLSONIA Malloch, 1929h: 31. Type species: Campylocera curvinervis Bezzi, 1929, orig. des.
curvinervis Bezzi, 1929: 17 (Campylocera). Australia (NSW); Australia (Qld).

Genus OSA Paramonov

OSA Paramonov, 1958c: 100. Type species: Osa commoni Paramonov, 1958, orig. des.
bornemisszai Paramonov, 1958c: 101. Australia (WA).
commoni Paramonov, 1958c: 101. Australia (ACT); Australia (NSW, Tas).
simplex Paramonov, 1958c: 102. Australia (ACT).
sinclairae Paramonov, 1958c: 103. Australia (ACT).
westralica Paramonov, 1958c: 102. Australia (WA).


PRODALMANNIA Bezzi, 1929: 18. Type species: Prodalmannia variabilis Bezzi, 1929, orig. des.
variabilis Bezzi, 1929: 19. Australia (NSW).

Genus TOXURA Macquart

TOXURA Macquart, 1851: 262(289). Type species: Toxura maculipennis Macquart, 1851, mon.
PARATOXURA Paramonov, 1958c: 110. Type species: Paratoxura norrisi Paramonov, 1958, orig. des.
maculipennis Macquart, 1851: 263(290). Australia (Tas).

testacea Macquart, 1851: 260(287) (Urophora). Australia (Tas).
secreta Paramonov, 1958c: 111 (Paratoxura). [Proposed (incorrectly) as a n. n. for specimens misidentified as maculipennis Macquart by Malloch, 1929h.]
microps Hendel, 1914b: 115. Australia (NSW).
norrisi Paramonov, 1958c: 110 (Paratoxura). Australia (Qld).

This page last revised 8 March 2012