'Apapanes recorded per party hr on the Honolulu Christmas Count (see Count Page)

in 1944-2014, indicating a significant decline (as also recorded on the Waipi'o and Volcano Christmas Counts). The peak of 489 recorded on the Honolulu count (cf. E 17:55, 56) may have reflected an abundance of flowering ohia-lehua trees within the circle that year. See also Williams (1987) and Ralph (1990).


Species account


Literature Cited


Graphs of Christmas Count data developed as part of The Birds of the Hawaiian

Islands: Occurrence, History, Distribution, and Status by Robert L. Pyle and Peter Pyle http://hbs.bishopmuseum.org/birds/rlp-monograph/