Chestnut Munias recorded per party hr on the Honolulu Christmas Count, 1944-

2014 (see Count Page), showing fluctuation in populations, probably related to

grass-seeding phenology (see text). See also Moulton and Scioli (1986).


Species account


Literature Cited


Graphs of Christmas Count data developed as part of The Birds of the Hawaiian

Islands: Occurrence, History, Distribution, and Status by Robert L. Pyle and Peter Pyle