Chestnut Munias recorded per party hr on the Kapa'a Christmas Count, Kaua'i,

1971-2014 (see Count Page), indicating immigration to the area following initial

establishment in the Poipu area in 1976-1977. Fluctuating populations since establishment likely reflect inter-annual variation in grass-seed production.


Species account


Graphs of Christmas Count data developed as part of The Birds of the Hawaiian

Islands: Occurrence, History, Distribution, and Status by Robert L. Pyle and Peter Pyle