Hwameis recorded per party hr on the Honolulu Christmas Count, 1944-2014 (see

Count Page), indicating fluctuating populations but a significant decline from the

1940-1950s through 2014. See also Moulton and Scioli (1986), Williams

(1987), and Ralph (1990).


Species account


Literature Cited


Graphs of Christmas Count data developed as part of The Birds of the Hawaiian

Islands: Occurrence, History, Distribution, and Status by Robert L. Pyle and Peter Pyle http://hbs.bishopmuseum.org/birds/rlp-monograph/