Java Sparrows recorded per party hr on the Honolulu Christmas Count, 1944-2014

(see Count Page), indicating increases during the 1980s followed by a general decline from 1990 to 2010 followed by an increase. See also Moulton and Scioli (1986), Williams (1987), and Ralph (1990).


Species account


Literature Cited


Graphs of Christmas Count data developed as part of The Birds of the Hawaiian

Islands: Occurrence, History, Distribution, and Status by Robert L. Pyle and Peter Pyle