Java Sparrows recorded per party hr on the Kapa'a Christmas Count, Kaua'i, 1971-

2014 (see Count Page), indicating an increase after establishment on the island beginning in 1983, followed by a decline to no birds in 2011-2014.


Species account


Graphs of Christmas Count data developed as part of The Birds of the Hawaiian

Islands: Occurrence, History, Distribution, and Status by Robert L. Pyle and Peter Pyle