Red-billed Leiothrixes recorded per party hr on the Honolulu Christmas Count,

1944-2014 (see Count Page), indicating a decline during the 1940-1960s to absence

in the 1970-mid 1980s followed by a recovery in the 1990-2010s. See also

Moulton and Scioli (1986), Scott et al. (1986), Williams (1987), and Ralph (1990).


Species account


Literature Cited


Graphs of Christmas Count data developed as part of The Birds of the Hawaiian

Islands: Occurrence, History, Distribution, and Status by Robert L. Pyle and Peter Pyle