Red-crested Cardinals recorded per party hr on the Honolulu Christmas Count,

1944-2014 (see Count Page), showing a significant increase during this period. See

also Moulton and Scioli (1986), Williams (1987), and Ralph (1990)


Species account


Literature Cited


Graphs of Christmas Count data developed as part of The Birds of the Hawaiian

Islands: Occurrence, History, Distribution, and Status by Robert L. Pyle and Peter Pyle