Tanyderids are found worldwide and comprise 42 living species and 6 fossil species. The immature stages of the extant species are aquatic to semiaquatic including association with wet sandy soil and the outer layers of submerged rotting logs in streams. Adult males sometimes congregate in large swarms in evenings; spending the daylight hours in among the riparian vegetation near the borders of streams.
In addition to the determined forms listed below, Kalugina (1992) mentioned an undescribed tanyderid from the Upper Jurassic deposits of Kazakhstan. Ross & Jarzembowski (1993: 408) recorded the family from the Triassic, probably based on unpublished information.
Ref.: Crampton (1926, morphology of Macrochile spectrum); Alexander (1931, taxonomy of Macrochile).
MACROCHILE Berendt, 1845: 57. Nomen nudum.
MACROCHILE Bronn, 1847: 597. Nomen nudum.
MACROCHILE Loew, 1850b: 37. Type species: Macrochile spectrum Loew, 1850, by monotypy.
IDIOPLASTA, authors, not Osten Sacken, 1878, misidentification.
spectrum Loew, 1850b: 37. PA: Baltic Region (Eocene/Oligocene) [A].
PRAEMACROCHILE Kalugina in Kalugina & Kovalev, 1985:
35. Type species: Praemacrochile stackelbergi Kalugina, 1985, by
stackelbergi Kalugina in Kalugina & Kovalev, 1985: 36. PA: Russia (Siberia) (Middle/Upper Jurassic) [C].
*PROTANYDERUS Handlirsch, 1909: 270.: 81. Type species: Protoplasa
vipio Osten Sacken, 1877, by monotypy.
mesozoicus Kalugina, 1988: 81. PA: Mongolia (Upper Jurassic/Lower Cretaceous) [C].
senilis Kalugina, 1992: 112 (1993: 144). PA: Mongolia (Upper Jurassic) [C].
vetus Kalugina, 1992: 111 (1993: 142). PA: Mongolia (Upper Jurassic) [C].
admirandus Kalugina in Kalugina & Kovalev, 1985: 36
("Tanyderites"). PA: Russia (Siberia) (Upper Jurassic)
This page last revised 29 September 1996.