The family Stratiomyidae, commonly called soldier flies, is comprised of over 2,000 living and fossil species in about 400 genera worldwide. Adults of most extant forms are found near larval habitats. Larvae can be found in a diverse array of situations including hot springs, soil, sod, under bark, and in animal excrement and decaying organic matter. Some taxa are scavengers, while others are known to be predaceous. The larvae of some Chiromyzinae feed on the roots of grasses and can become pestiferous.
Undescribed material of the family has been recorded from the Lower Cretaceous limestone of Spain (Zherichin, 1985; Gomez Pallerola, 1986).


Genus BERIS Latreille

*BERIS Latreille, 1802: 447. Type species: Stratiomys sexdentata Fabricius, 1781 [= Musca chalybata Forster, 1771], by monotypy.

miocenica James, 1937: 245. NE: USA (Oligocene) [C].
Unidentified sp.-PA: Baltic Region (Eocene/Oligocene) [A] (Helm, 1896: 223; Hennig, 1967a: 15).


Genus CACOSIS Walker

*CACOSIS Walker, 1856: 83. Type species: Sargus niger Wiedemann, 1830, by monotypy.

sexannulata Meunier, 1910f: 200. PA: Baltic Region (Eocene/Oligocene) [A].



CRETACEOGASTER Teskey, 1971: 1659. Type species: Cretaceogaster pygmaeus Teskey, 1971, by original designation.

pygmaeus Teskey, 1971: 1660. NE: Canada (Upper Cretaceous) [A].



CURTISIMYIA Giebel, 1856: 203. Type species: Curtisimyia eximia Giebel, 1856, by monotypy.

eximia Giebel, 1856: 203. PA: France (Oligocene) [C].


Genus CYPHOMYIA Wiedemann

*CYPHOMYIA Wiedemann, 1819: 54. Type species: Stratiomys cyanea Fabricius, 1794, by subsequent designation of Duponchel in d'Orbigny (1844: 548).

rohweri Cockerell, 1916c: 90 (Oxycera). NE: USA (Oligocene) [C].


Genus HERMETIA Latreille

*HERMETIA Latreille, 1804: 192. Type species: Musca illucens Linnaeus, 1758, by monotypy.

*illucens Linnaeus, 1758: 589 (Musca). NT: South America; widespread southern temperate and tropics; NT: Mexico (Pleistocene) [C].



HERMETIELLA Meunier, 1908h: 263. Type species: Hermetiella bifurcata Meunier, 1908, by monotypy.

bifurcata Meunier, 1908h: 263. PA: Baltic Region (Eocene/Oligocene) [A].


Genus LASIOPA Brullé

*LASIOPA Brullé, 1833a: 307. Type species: Lasiopa peleteria Brullé, 1833, by monotypy.

carpenteri James, 1937: 246. NE: USA (Oligocene) [C].


Genus LITHOPHYSA Scudder

LITHOPHYSA Scudder, 1890: 566. Type species: Lithophysa tumulta Scudder, 1890, by monotypy.

tumulta Scudder, 1890: 566. NE: USA (Eocene) [C].


Genus MOYAMYIA Melander

MOYAMYIA Melander, 1949: 26. Type species: Moyamyia limigena Melander, 1949, by original designation.

limigena Melander, 1949: 27. NE: USA (Oligocene) [C].



*NOTHOMYIA Loew, 1869: 4 [1872b: 118]. Type species: Nothomyia scutellata Loew, 1869, by subsequent designation of Brauer (1882: 88).

Unidentified sp.-NT: Dominican Republic (Oligocene/Miocene) [A] (Poinar, 1992: 182).



EULALIA Meigen, 1800: 21. Suppressed by I.C.Z.N. (1963: 339).
*ODONTOMYIA Meigen, 1803: 265. Type species: Musca hydroleon Linnaeus, 1758, by subsequent designation of Westwood (1840: 130).

brodiei Cockerell, 1915c: 494 (Stratiomys). PA: UK (England) (Eocene/Oligocene) [C].
herichsonii Hope, 1847: 7. PA: France (Oligocene) [C].
Unidentified spp.-PA: Germany (Oligocene) [C] (Zeuner, 1938: 136; Statz, 1940: 126; Hein, 1954: 644).


Genus OXYCERA Meigen

HERMIONE Meigen, 1800. Suppressed by I.C.Z.N. (1963: 339).
*OXYCERA Meigen, 1803: 265. Type species: Musca hypoleon Linnaeus, 1767 [= Musca trilineata Linnaeus, 1767], by subsequent designation of Latreille (1810: 442).

contusa Cockerell, 1917a: 20. NE: USA (Oligocene) [C].
Unidentified sp.-PA: Germany (Oligocene) [C] (Statz, 1940: 128).



*PACHYGASTER Meigen, 1803: 266. Type species: Nemotelus ater Panzer, 1798, by monotypy.

antiquus James, 1971: 71. NT: Mexico (Oligocene/Miocene) [A].


Genus PROTOBERIS Cockerell

PROTOBERIS Cockerell, 1915c: 494. Type species: Protoberis obliteratus Cockerell, 1915, by monotypy.

obliterata Cockerell, 1915c: 494. PA: UK (England) (Eocene/Oligocene) [C].



*RHINGIOPSIS Röder, 1886: 138. Type species: Rhingiopsis tau Röder, 1886, by monotypy.

priscula Cockerell, 1910c: 286 (Nemotelus). NE: USA (Oligocene) [C].


Genus SARGUS Fabricius

*SARGUS Fabricius, 1798: 549. Type species: Musca cupraria Linnaeus, 1758, by subsequent designation of Latreille (1810: 442).

vetus Cockerell, 1921b: 32. NE: USA (Eocene) [C].
Unidentified sp.-PA: France (Oligocene) [C] (Serres, 1829: 232).


Genus STRATIOMYS Geoffroy

*STRATIOMYS Geoffroy, 1762: 475. Type species: Musca chamaeleon Linnaeus, 1758, by subsequent designation of I.C.Z.N. (1957b: 123).
STRATIOTOMYIA Rye, 1879: 188 (unjustified emendation of Stratiomys Geoffroy). Type species: Musca chamaeleon Linnaeus, 1758, automatic.

heberti Oustalet, 1870: 156. PA: France (Oligocene) [C].
pentadiscalia Statz, 1940: 124. PA: Germany (Oligocene) [C].


This page last revised 17 November 2001