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The family Canthyloscelididae includes genera that were previously placed in the Hyperoscelidae (Canthyloscelididae is an older name for these taxa). Hutson (1977) reviewed the genera and revised the generic composition of this family and the family Synneuridae. Larvae of extant forms have been recorded from decaying wood of various trees. The fossil recorded by Eskov (1992: 324) is the first record of this Synneuron Lundström from the Southern Hemisphere
Ref.: Hutson (1977, revision of extant taxa).
Genus PROHYPEROSCELIS Kovalev
PROHYPEROSCELIS Kovalev in Kalugina & Kovalev, 1985: 176. Type species: Prohyperoscelis jurassicus Kovalev, 1985, by original designation.
jurassicus Kovalev in Kalugina & Kovalev, 1985: 177. PA: Russia (Siberia) (Middle Jurassic) [C].
Genus SYNNEURON Lundström
*SYNNEURON Lundström, 1910: 5. Type species: Synneuron annulipes Lundström, 1910, by monotypy.
Unidentified sp. - AU: Australia (Lower Cretaceous) [C] (Eskov, 1992: 324).