The Birds of the Hawaiian Islands:
Occurrence, History, Distribution, and Status

Robert L. Pyle and Peter Pyle

Acknowledgments

 

Thousands of individuals have assisted with this project, the majority by contributing observational data and photographs to the senior author during the construction of the SIGHTINGS database archived and maintained by the Occurrence and Status of Birds in Hawaii volunteer project at the B.P. Bishop Museum (BPBM), Honolulu. Of these, we must first single out Peter Donaldson, who not only has contributed the second-highest totals of observation contributed to the database and photographs contributed to the HRBP files (to those of the authors; see below), but was a long-time birding companion to the senior author, and organizer of bird records and information. It is fitting that Peter took over writing the Hawaii column for North American birds following the passing of Robert Pyle in July 2007, and Peter's subsequent tracking of records after the SIGHTINGS database was put on hold (in 2006) has been instrumental to the junior author in updating the accounts for this site. Other long-time Hawaii residents and birders who assisted Robert throughout the years and contributed many records and photos (see below) include W. Mike Ord, Reginald David, H. Douglas Pratt, Andrew Engilis, and, formerly, Rey Larsen and Walter Donagho. C. John Ralph, co-author with Robert on American Birds accounts in the late 1970s and early 1980s, with help from Peter Paton, was instrumental in helping Robert initiate the SIGHTINGS database.

After Robert Pyle left us, a call was made to donate funding to the Pyle Fund at BPBM (in lieu of flowers, etc.) for the completion of this monograph. The response was heart-warming and the site could not have been completed this decade, if ever, without this funding. We sincerely thank the following for their donations: Ahupua'a Natives LLC, Joan Aidem, David Ainley, Dr. Allen Allison & Ms. Isabella Forster, James K. Angell, Keith Arakaki, Nanea & Richard Armstrong, Association of Hawaiian Archivists, Alfred & Nancy Au, Patricia A. Avery, Robin Baird & Annie Douglas, Ben H. Bond Jr., Mandy B. Bowers, DeSoto Brown, Abby Brown-Watson & Dave Watson, Howard E. & Eve Buckley, Timothy A. Burr, Mr. & Mrs. J. Frisbee Campbell, Michael Casey & Diana King, Michael & Amy Chinaka, Lanette S.L. Ching, Mildred S. & Robert R.S. Ching, Bernice C. Choy, William S. Clark, John & Ele Clere, Stephen L. & Renuka D. Coles, Thomas & Barbara Coles, Roger B. & Jean A. Compton, Patricia Conrad, John & Liane Corbelli, Victoria & Walter Creed, Dr. Edward & Mrs. Elizabeth Creutz, Rhyne Davies & Allison Baum, James & Brenda Denny, Joseph & Amy Dituri, Col. Wales S. & Joanne M. Dixon, Peter V. Donaldson, Charles & Page Dwight, Sally H. Edwards, Richard & Linda Erickson, Elizabeth N. Flint, Lori L. Fujimoto, Toshiko & Richard M. Fukuda, Joel & Puanani Fung, Betsy Harrison Gagne, Sandra Gallman, Caroline A. Garrett, Kimball A. Garrett & Kathy Molina, G. Donald Gedge, Lorin T. Gill, Ester M. Goto, John B. Hall & Gaylien W. Uyeda, , Remy Hartmann, Mark B. & Mary T. Heckman, Matthew D. & Ann K. Heindel, Gladys Helbush, Dr. Derral R. Herbst, Sumi Higa, Ivanelle Hoe, Elaine Hoffman, Carol J. Holverson, Honolulu County Genealogical Society, Ruth H. Hori, Francis G. Howarth, Catherine Anne Hughes, Tad & Irene Iimura, Kathleen & Clyde T. Imada, Shelley James, Betty J. Joao, Carla Joaquin & Jean Freedman, Oscar W. & Patricia M. Johnson, Wendy & Bill Johnson, Mary Judd, Walter Kam, Helen C. Kau, Carol T. Kawachi, Regina K. Kawamoto, Cynthia C. Kawamura, Judy Kearney, Sarah K. Kim, Harvey C. & Mary King, Carla & Lee Kishinami, Eleanor T. Koes, Kay L. Kong, Mary Goto Kosasa, Karen K. Kosasa, David B. Kembie & Carolyn Oliver, Elizabeth Kumabe & Sherwood B. Maynard, Kenneth & Patrick Kupchak, Takashi & Tomiko Kuwahara, Robert M. Larson, Deanna Lee, Marlene C. Lemke, Robin L.C. Leong, Kenneth Longenecker & Tammy Castleforte, Bernice Loui, Francis & Bertha Lum, Jack & Leilani Macguire, Tracie M. & David P. MacKenzie, Wilhelmina Markiewicz, Joyce H. Masuda, Violet S. Mau, Virgil & Amy Meeker, Sylvia Mitchell, Steven Mlodinow, Lyn Y. Nagoshi, Jeffrey and Tammy Namihira, Lloyd S. Namihira, Janet G. Ness, Wendee Nishimura, Katsuya & Toshi S. Nohara, Susan Nolan, Eleanor C. Nordyke, John H. & Lois T. Norris, Oahu Nature Tours, W. Mike & Benny A. Ord, Lori & Norman O'Hara, William D. & Suzanne K. Ohmstede, Marie O. Pell, Edwin Q.P. Petteys, Gordan & Billie Piianaia, Kurt Pohlman, Dr. Thane K. & Mrs. Linda Pratt, C. John & Carol Pearson Ralph, Judith Ramseyer, Dr. & Mrs. John E. Randall, Mark J. Rauzon, Scott A. & Christina M.T. Richardson, Harriet Rotz, Paul & Dorcie Sakuma, Allan & Shirley Samuelson, Susan Schenck, Jane E. Schoonmaker & Gordon Tribble, Rosy L. Schwartz, David G. Seay, Muriel B. Seto, Charlotte M. Sexton, B.J. Short, Molly Simonian, Helen M. Sing, Richard F. & Norma Smith, Thomas J. Snetsinger, John K. & Sigrid B. Southworth, Sarah M. St. Clair, Karen & Alan Stockton, Phyllis M. Stranske, Lois Suemori, Hannah Bonsey Suthers, Arnold K. Suzumoto, Chieko Tachihata, Harriet Takaesu, Mitsuko Talcott, Anna K. Tam, Jane Taura, Julliette K. Taura, Walter Y. Tokushige & Janice K. Lum, Jerry & Laurel Trier, Jane C. Uemura, Kimberly Uyehara, Akira & Hazel Wada, James & Cynthia Waddington, Virginia Walker, Nancy J. Walker, Ronald L. & Charlotte C. Walker, Janet A. Wessel, Joan White, Martin & Karen Wisner, Joan H. Worthen & Francis H. Soon, Albert I. & Mary H. Yamakawa, Brenda Zaun, and several anonymous donors. At BPBM this funding was administered by Tracie MacKenzie, and we also thank B.J. Short, Allen Allison, Neal Evenhuis, and Steve Coles at BPBM for assistance.

The establishment of the Hawaii Birding Listserve Group in December 2006 has greatly facilitated the transfer of information and photographs among Hawaii birders. We greatly thank Christian Melgar, currently residing in the U.K, with assistance from Reginald David and Peter Donaldson, for establishing and maintaining this site. Christian's Birding Hawaii website also contains a wea;th of information on the distribution and identification of birds in Hawaii.

Those listed above and others have assisted the junior author more recently by providing specific information, reviewing accounts, helping in museum collections, and providing updates to posted accounts. For help in museum collections and for other assistance and information about Hawaiian birds we especially thank Carla Kishinami, Pumehana Imada, and Lydia Garetano at BPBM, and Storrs Olson, Helen James, James Dean, and Roger Clapp at USNM. Others who have assisted the junior author recently with publications and other information include Eric VanderWerf and Lindsay Young of Pacific Rim Conservation; Beth Flint, Holly Friefeld, Brenda Zaun, Cindy Rehnkemper, and Michelle Zwartjes at USFWS; David Smith, Cinthia Vanderlip, Jaap Eijzenga, Norma Bustos, Jay Penniman, and Fern Duvall of Hawaii DOFAW; H. Douglas Pratt; Arleone Dibben-Young; Michelle Reynolds; Chris Elphick; Michael Reed; Mike Ord; Jim Denny; Jack Jeffrey; Nick D. Holmes; Thane K. Pratt; David Kuhn; Jaan Lepson; Paul Banko; Nicholas Kalodimos; Mike Force; Mark Rauzon; Hank Oppenheimer; and Gil Ewing. Undoubtedly hundreds of others could be thanked for similar assistance given to the senior author over the past five decades.

For help with photographs and permission to use them in the HRBP file and at this site (as well as for other information), we thank Peter Donaldson, Michael Walther, Reginald David, Robin Baird & Daniel Webster of Cascadia Research Collective, Rob Shallenberger, Jim Denny, Jack Jeffrey, Forest and Kim Starr, and the many others, listed below, who have donated photographs to the file. We especially thank Michael Walther for the use of his Red-billed Tropicbird image on the banners of this site.

See http://oahunaturetours.com/photogallery/birds/photobirdsindex.html for more of Michael's images.

Finally, this has been an ohana project from the start, and we greatly acknowledge the help of Ellen, Leilani, and Richard Pyle for endless hours of kokua and aloha, without which this project could not have been completed. The junior author would like to especially thank his wife, Rowena Forest, for assistance and understanding during the compilation of this and other recent time-consuming endeavors.

A total of 235 individuals or groups have contributed photographs to the HRBP file (through HRBP 1441 and 5680; see Introduction) and 2151 individuals or groups contributed at least one observation to the SIGHTINGS database through 2006. The following lists include those contributing photographs, in the order of number of photographs contributed (listed in parentheses), and those contributing observations, as broken down into categories - over 1000, 500-1000, 100-500, 10-100, and 1-10 observations.

Contributors of photographs to HRBP file (number contributed as of Nov 2009)

Peter Pyle (378), Peter V. Donaldson (328), Michael Walther (145), Reginald E. David (121), Robin W. Baird (63), Robert J. Shallenberger (61), Jim Denny (40), Christian Melgar (38), Jerry R. Oldenettel (38), Jeffrey Marks (37), James Aliberti (34), Roger B. Clapp (32), Gilbert S. Grant (29), Brenda Zaun (27), Ken McDermond (27), Fern P. Duvall (22), C. Fred Zeillemaker (20), Craig Rowland (20), Brenda Becker (19), Mark J. Rauzon (18), USFWS (18), Cynthia Vanderlip (15), Reynold T. Larsen (15), Nanette Seto (14), Robert L. Pyle (14), Arleone Dibben-Young (13), Kamal Islam (13), Kurt Pohlman (13), Unknown (13), Bert McKee (12), Oliver Komar (12), Sea Life Park (12), Eric VanderWerf (11), Forest and Kim Starr (11), Maureen Flannery (11), Paul Baker (11), Richard Vetter (11), Paul Hendricks (10), C. Scott Hall (9), Daniel Webster (9), Mike Silbernagle (9), Peter Paton (9), Mike Nishimoto (8), Stewart Fefer (8), Terry Moore (8), Timothy A. Burr (8), Andrew Engilis (7), Bill Muench (7), Bruce D. Eilerts (7), Ed Bean (7), Helen Baker (7), Omar Bussen (7), Angela Kay Kepler (6), Binion Amerson (6), Beth Flint (6), F. Sibley (6), Jennifer C. Megyesi (6), Lance Tanino (6), Thomas Heatley (6), A. Suzumoto (5), Carolyn Choy (5), G. Vernon Byrd (5), George C. Campbell (5), J. Nicholson (5), Jack Jeffrey (5), Marshall Iliff (5), Nancy Butowski-Casey (5), Rebecca Howard (5), Renate Gassman-Duvall (5), Robert Lucas (5), Steven Kramer (5), Suzanne Conja (5), Thane K. Pratt (5), Tom Dove (5), A. Jaramillo (4), Albert Morita (4), Alexander Wetmore (4), B.P. Bishop Museum (4), Betty Joao (4), Bill Principe (4), Brad Keith (4), Brendan Doe (4), Ceci Green (4), Chris Depkin (4), George H. Balazs (4), Hadoram Shirihai (4), John B. Nichols (4), Les Chibana (4), Nina Lisowski (4), P. Dumont (4), Steve Barclay (4), Tim Sutterfield (4), Triston McKee (4), W. Breck Tyler (4), B. Leilani Pyle (3), Barbara Lee (3), Bryan Harry (3), Chad Castle (3), David Boynton (3), Don Crossley (3), Eugene Kridler (3), Greg Schorr (3), J. Michael Scott (3), John Klavitter (3), John Obata (3), Kris Hartin (3), Mary McArthur (3), Mitchell Oliphant (3), Nancy Naslund (3), Nate Rice (3), Nel Nomi (3), Norman Garon (3), R. McCarthy (3), Sheila Conant (3), Timothy Hurley (3), Walter Donagho (3), Warren B. King (3), APHIS (2), Aaron Dietrich (2), Amy Edwards (2), Bonnie Call (2), C. Donnelly (2), C. Sederlin (2), Chistina Hermann (2), Cindy Eggelston (2), Crystal Belchaver (2), Curt Griffin (2), D. Martyn (2), Debra Colvin (2), Debra Henry (2), Dodie Warren (2), George L. Armistead (2), Glenda Bates (2), Gregory Spencer (2), Guy Hughes (2), H. Douglas Pratt (2), H. K. Schofield (2), H. W. Henshaw (2), J. B. Giezentanner (2), Jack Swenson (2), Jeff Pawlowski (2), Jennifer K. Richardson (2), Johanna Dawes (2), Jyrki Muona (2), K. C. Parkes (2), Kathleen J.F. Viernes (2), Kenneth Niethammer (2), Laura Megyesi (2), Laurie H. MacIvor (2), Linda Paul (2), Lindsay Kramer (2), Lindsay Young (2), Lurilla Lee (2), Marlene Lyons (2), Muriel E. VanFleet (2), POBSP (2), Paul W. Woodward (2), Scott Johnston (2), Scott Richardson (2), Shawneen Finnegan (2), Steve Berendzen (2), Steve Tucker (2), Thomas C. Telfer (2), Tom Coles (2), Walter F. Nichols (2), Amber Paris (1), Anthony J. McCafferty (1), Avery Taylor (1), B. Amerson (1), Robin Au (1), Beverly Perry (1), Brent Tarter (1), C.W.O. Voss (1), Chandler S. Robbins (1), Charles E. Probst (1), Charlie Sabo (1), Chris Dippel (1), Christina Connett (1), Christine Ryder (1), Chuck Babbitt (1), Chuck King (1), Cindy Rehnkemper (1), Craig S. Harrison (1), Darren Roberts (1), David Kuhn (1), Dayna Harris (1), Dorcie Sakuma (1), Ed Shallenberger (1), Eug Donaldson (1), Eugene Hunn (1), F. Meyer (1), Gary Means (1), Heather Johnston (1), J. Silbernagle (1), J. Sprague (1), J. Teitjen (1), Janet Bell (1), Jaqui Probst (1), Jim Waddington (1), Joan Suther (1), John F. Walters (1), Jon Dunn (1), Laura Patrick (1), Laurie Binford (1), Leo Millan (1), Lester R. Walls (1), Linda Takahashi (1), Lynn Carey (1), Marc Romano (1), Matt Harmon (1), Matt Romney (1), Michael Pitts (1), Michelle Reynolds (1), Mike Lohr (1), Miklos D.F. Udvardy (1), N. Jack Leishman (1), Nadega Meunier (1), Neal Wagner (1), Nina Karnovsky (1), Norman David (1), Norman H. Mellor (1), Paul R. Sievert (1), Pete Leary (1), Ralph W. Schreiber (1), Richard C. Coleman (1), Robert Schulmeister (1), Sharon Reilly (1), Shawne Leasure (1), Spencer Gushiken (1), Steve Mlodinow (1), Steven Zeff (1), Storrs Olson (1), Timmy J. Ohashi (1), Tony Texeira (1), V. Knudsen (1), William Evanson (1).

Contributed over 1,000 observations to SIGHTINGS (number of observations in parentheses)

Robert L. Pyle (21,902), Peter Donaldson (18,961), W. Michael Ord (7525), Andrew Engilis (3729), Mike Silbernagle (3118), Reginald E. David (2679), H. Douglas Pratt (2328), Peter Pyle (2263), David Kuhn (2088), Mike Nishimoto (2087), Reynold T. Larsen (1901), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (1877), Lance Tanino (1555), Dan Lindsay (1257), Arleone Dibben-Young (1151), Kurt Pohlman (1136), Eric VanderWerf (1100), Christian Melgar (1082).

Contributed 500-1,000 observations to SIGHTINGS

Phil Bruner, Richard C. Coleman, Walter Donagho, Bruce D. Eilerts, K. Hachey, Hawaii Audubon Society, Jaan G. Lepson, Richard May, Jerry R. Oldenettel, Peter Paton, Thane K. Pratt, B. Leilani Pyle, C. J. Ralph, Sea Life Park, Robert J. Shallenberger, Thomas J. Snetsinger, Larry Spear, Paul Sykes, David H. Woodside, C. Fred Zeillemaker.

Contributed 100-500 observations to SIGHTINGS

Joan Aidem, Allen Allison, Philip Ashman, Stephen F. Bailey, Robin W. Baird, Helen Baker, Paul Baker, Barbara Balch, Larry Balch, Brian Bell, Francis T. Benevides, Steve Berendzen, Andrew J. Berger, Gordon Demi Black, Marlie Breese, C. Brown, Timothy A. Burr, Omar Bussen, G. Vernon Byrd, George C. Campbell, Kurt F. Campbell, Paul Chang, Roger B. Clapp, O. Clarke, Howard Cogswell, Sheila Conant, Peter J. Connally, Susan David, Jim Denny, Colin Dillingham, Chris Dippel, Jon Dunn, Fern P. Duvall, R. Ebel, John Engbring, A. S. England, R.A. Erickson, Karen Evans, Craig A. Faanes, Stewart Fefer, George Fisher, Harvey I. Fisher, Beth Flint, Lorrin Gill, Bill Gorman, Gilbert S. Grant, Bruce Hallett, Thomas Heatley, M. Hetland, Lawrence T. Hirai, Nancy Hoffman, Greg R. Homel, Steve Howell, Kamal Islam, Alvaro Jaramillo, Jack Jeffrey, Curtis O. Johnson, Charles G. Kaigler, Allan Keith, Karl W. Kenyon, Angela Kay Kepler, Cameron B. Kepler, Dana Kokubun, Eugene Kridler, Keith W. Larson, Robin Leong, Jeffrey Marks, Anthony J. McCafferty, Ken McDermond, Carl McIntosh, Bert McKee, Matthew Medeiros, Brian Meilleur, Marie Morin, William P. Mull, George C. Munro, Aaron Nadig, Maura Naughton, Kenneth Niethammer, Pacific Ocean Biol. Surv. Prog., Robert J. Pacheco, Carol P. Ralph, Mark J. Rauzon, Michelle Reynolds, Scott Richardson, Jason Rogers, J. Michael Scott, Nanette Seto, John L. Sincock, Dan Small, David G.V. Smith, Greg Smith, P. William Smith, Dan Snider, Margo Stahl, Forest and Kim Starr, Maile Stemmerman, Bob Sundstrom, Joan Sykes, Avery Taylor, Thomas C. Telfer, Jack Throp, John Trochet, Ronald L. Walker, John F. Walters, Michael Walther, Abby Watson, David Watson, Tomas White, Hal Wierenga, Erika P. Wilson.

Contributed 10-100 observations to SIGHTINGS

D. Abbott, David Adams, Jeremy Adams, Jeff Albeso, James D. Aliberti, Jeff Allen, Binion Amerson, Ruth Andberg, C. Anderson, David Anderson, E. Andrade, John Andre, R. Angell, K. Apfel, George L. Armistead, H. Armistead, Heidi J. Auman, Christo Baars, A.M. Bailey, K. Balaz, George H. Balazs, Helen Baldwin, Paul H. Baldwin, Donna Ball, Paul C. Banko, Winston E. Banko, Steve Barclay, Robert Barrett, Benton Basham, Ed Bean, E. Beaubien, Bob Beck, Brenda Becker, Walter Benning, Mary Bergan, Joanna Berger, C. Bergman, Tim Bertrand, David Blockstein, B. Bone, H.L. Bonsey, John Borneman, Monette Boswell, Kater Bourdon, John Bowles, Dan Boyle, Barry Brady, Jennifer Branda, Paul Breese, David Bremer, V. E. Brock, M. Brodi, Andrea Bruner, W.A. Bryan, Arlene Buchholz, Jay Buckelew, John W. Buckman, Ryan Burnett, Chuck Burrows, Nancy Butowski-Casey, Richard Buzzelli, Tom Cajsky, Suzanne Canja, H.T. Cantlin, Margaret Capobianco, Jay Carlisle, Tonnie L.C. Casey, Bruce Casler, Chad Castle, Edward L. Caum, Thomas Chell, Chris Chesne, C. S. Childs, L. Claunan, Sophie Cluff, Tom Cole, Tom Coles, Mark Collins, Patrick Conant, L. Concepcion, Paul Conry, Paul Cozeus, William Crins, Carmelle Crivellone, Orville Crowder, Dick Cunningham, Fanay Dale, J. Dandaneau, Norman David, Glyn Dawson, Donna de Haan, J. de Haan R. DeLong, John Dennis, Brenda Denny, Chris Depkin, David Desrocher, Roger DiRosa, Homer R. Dill, Hawaii Division of Forestry & Wildlife, Brendan Doe, Christine Domehauer, Tom Dove, Diane Drigot, Brenda M. Duhon, W. Dunmire, A. Durand, Bob Dusek, Marsha Dusek, Whitney Eastman, A. Marie Ecton, Art Edwards, Cindy Eggelston, Brenda Eilerts, E. Eilerts, Paul Ekern, Eleanor Elder, Josh Engel, Mary Engilis, Laura Erickson, Jules Evens, Gil Ewing, Karen Falkenmayer, J. Farmer, Maureen Flannery, G. Foster, Jeff Foster, Lenny Freed, David Freeland, Pamela Frierson, Hubert Frings, Kathleen Fruth, M. Fulkerson, Wayne Gagne, P. Gallagher-Jones, C. Gambill, Brook Gamble, Norman Garon, Kimball Garrett, Renate Gassman-Duvall, Richard R. Gauthey, J. Brent Giezentanner, Jon Giffin, Jim Glynn, Michael Gochfeld, Harry A. Goodwin, G. Gossard, Jon Grauning, Thelma Grier, Vikki Grieve, Curtice Griffin, John Gulley, John Hale, C. Scott Hall, C. Hanson, Sue Harada, Charles Harper, H. Harris, M. Harris, Craig S. Harrison, Bryan Harry, Alan D. Hart, Jack Harter, Lorraine Hartshorne, Kumiko Hasegawa, Grenville Hatch, Lauren Hay, Loren Hays, J. Heflich, Jonathan Hegele, Phil Henderson, Paul Hendricks, James Hengeveld, Susan Hengeveld, H.W. Henshaw, Jennifer Herrmann, L. Hetland, John Hirth, E. Hite, Peggy Hodge, Cathleen S.N. Hodges, Garv Hoefler, Carol Holland, Jeff Holm, Geoffrey Holroyd, Luciana Honigman, Rebecca Howard, Frank Howarth, Darcy Hu, Lawrence N. Huber, John Hunter, Clyde Imada, Jim Jacobi, Dean Jamieson, Rachel Janzen, Tim Janzen, Merrill Jensen, Betty Joao, Oscar Johnson, Patti Johnson, Wally Johnson, David Johnston, Scott Johnston, David Jones, Norma Jones, Walt Jones, W.W. Judd, Hank Kaestner, P. Kaestner, Peggy Kai, Thomas Kaiakapu, Hilde Kaigler, A. Kali, Nick Kalodimos, Ingrid Kang, S. Keefer, W. Keith, B. Keitt, V. Kimura, Ben King, Joseph E. King, Warren B. King, C. Kirkpatri, Carla Kishinami, John I. Kjargaard, John Klavitter, Vernon M. Kleen, Glenn Klingler, Philip Kloeckner, Eric Knudtson, Eleanor Koes, Unoyo Kojima, Oliver Komar, John Kormendy, Ernest Kosaka, George J. Koss, Cynthia Krakowski, Jim Krakowski, B.M. Kuhns, A. Kyono, A. Labrecque, Stephen Laymon, Dwight Lee, Tom Leskiw, T. Jim Lewis, Alan Lieberman, B. Liesemeye, Elizabeth Logerwell, Richard Love, Robert Lucas, J.P. Ludwig, Tod Lum, David Lupton, Peter Luscomb, Laurie H. MacIvor, G. MacKierna, Peggy Macres, Paul Magruder, Randy Manaba, Anita Manning, Dale Manor, Curtis Marantz, Minky Markiewicz, Althea Marrack, S. Marston, Larry Martin, Lynne Matusow, B. McAllister, Jim McAllister, Mark McCaustland, Martha McDaniel, Duane McDermond, David McFaull, T. McGuire, Sean McKeown, L. McNeil, Joseph S. Medeiros, Jennifer C. Megyesi, Laura Megyesi, Curt Mench, M. Merlin, D. Messersmith, Hal Michael, G. Miller, Jack Mitchell, Steve Mlodinow, Terry Moore, Dan Moriarty, Albert Morita, Michelle Morris, Mike Moser, Sherry Mossbarger, Mike Moulton, Mae E. Mull, Jim Murphy, P. Myers, Glynnis Nakai, N. Nelkin, Jim Nestler, H. Nevins, M. Nikas, Eric Nishibayashi, J. d'Arcy Northwood, John O'Brien, Donna L. O'Daniel, L.J. Oakley, John Obata, Timmy J. Ohashi, M. Okada, David L. Olsen, Storrs L. Olson, Nicholas Palaia, H. C. Palmer, A. Parent, Laura B. Patrick, Robert Patton, Dennis Paulson, Gordon Pearsall, Blanche Pedley, Noah Pekelo, C. Pelizza, R.C.L. Perkins, Bruce Peterjohn, Ted N. Pettit, Robert L. Pitman, B. Plead, John T. Polhemus, H. P. Porter, Linda Pratt, J. Pretare, Bill Principe, Charles E. Probst, Noble Proctor, Richard Pyle, B. Quintero, William Rathmann, Don Redfearn, Evelyn Redfearn, S. Reed, Sharon Reilly, Dale W. Rice, Frank Richardson, David A. Rintoul, M. Ritter, Chandler S. Robbins, Don Roberson, Mary Roberts, Ruth R. Rockafellow, M. Rogers, E. Rosenfeld, Jack Ross, Rocky Rothrock, Craig Rowland, Richard Rowland, Richard Rowlett, W. Russell, Jennifer Rycenga, Stephen Sabo, Ralph Saito, Howard F. Sakai, Dorna Sakurai, Mike San Miguel, J. Sanchez, Paul M. Schaeffer, H Schauinsland, Susan Schenck, Anja Schiller, Christopher Schmidt, Kevin Schneider, John Schrader, S. Schrader, Ralph W. Schreiber, Robert Schulmeister, Sharon Schulmeister, Martin Schulz, K. Scott, Susan Scott, David Sears, Winona Sears, Palmer C. Sekora, K. Sennstrom, Wayne Sentman, A. Shallenberger, Ingrid Shallenberger, Dominic Sherony, Vaughn Sherwood, Tom Shields, Hadoram Shirihai, P. Shoemacker, Mike Shultz, F. Sibley, Paul R. Sievert, E. Silbernagle, Arnold Small, Dick Smith, Ian Smith, Joe Smith, Rose Smith, Susan A. Smith, Lomnie Somer, Roger Sorrell, Sigrid Southwort, Garth Spitler, Jean-Marie Spoelman, Paul Springer, Kim Starr, Chris Steeman, B. Steenhof, L. Steingarten, Don Sterba, D. Stewart, Donald Stiles, D. Sto, Phil Stoddard, D. Stovall, H. Mike Street, Cappy Summers, Joan Suther, Tim Sutterfield, Arnold Suzumoto, Gerald Swedberg, J. Swenson, Jack Swenson, Jade Swenson, David Takeuchi, Joe Taylor, Thayne Taylor, Jan TenBruggencate, Alan Thistle, Mark Thomas, Michael Thompson, Margaret Titcomb, Thede Tobish, Frances Toldi, Quentin Tomich, Carl Trichka, C. Tucker, J. Tucker, Eric Tweed, W. Breck Tyler, Miklos D.F. Udvardy, Meyer Ueoka, Kim Uyehara, Charles Van Riper, Cynthia Vanderlip, Mark Vekasy, Richard Vetter, Matt Victoria, Kathleen J.F. Viernes, Anthony Viggiano, Richard Voss, Billi F. Wagner, Ginny Wallace, Mike Wallace, D. Weaver, Kenneth Weaver, Mark Webber, Daniel Webster, Steve West, Alexander Wetmore, Sidney White, G.C. Whittow, Clarence Wiedenfeld, Holly Wilbanks, J. Wilder, Gary Wiles, George Willett, J. Williams, Janet Williams, Richard Williams, Timothy Williams, D. Williamson, Doug Willick, Jack S. Wilmoth, Richard Wilt, Claire Wolfe, Ken R. Wood, U. Woodside, Paul W. Woodward, K. Wright, D. Wysong, Gus Yaki, V. Yap, David Yee, Lindsay C. Young, Brenda Zaun, B. Zimmer, Steve Zimmerman.

Contributed 1-10 observations to SIGHTINGS

Larry Abbott, Ira Joel Abramson, B. Acklin, John H. Acorn, Nani Adachi, Bob Adamo, Phil Adams, C. Adler, Stanley Agan, S. Ahn, David Ainley, C. Akiona, Alfred Akona, William Albee, D. Alcorn, Cynthia Alexander, Brian Allen, Gerald Allen, D. Allison, R.S. Alsatt, Charlotte Altman, Helen Altonn, D. Amadon, Gloria Amaral, April Ambard, Fred Amidon, A. Anders, Linda Andersen, Andrew P. Anderson, Donald Anderson, Gary Anderson, P. Anderson, S. Anderson, Jeff Andrade, Suzie Andrews, Andy Angel, Duane Angelo, J. Applegate, Melissa Arias, E. Armijo, Ronald Arps, Samuel Aruch, Carl Arume, Philip Ashmole, Adam Asquith, Carter Atkinson, Ian Atkinson, Steven Au, E. Aubrey, D.L. Austin, S. Avery, Pyone Aye, Herbert M. Ayres, B.P. Bishop Museum, Ron Bachman, Jeff Bagshaw, J. Bailey, T. Bailey, Theodore Bailleu, B. Bakutis, Alan Baldridge, Robert Baldwin, Roger E. Baldwin, William Baldwin, William Baldwin, A. Ball, Butch Ball, Stuart Ball, Lisa Ballance, J. Bancroft, Richard Banks, Timothy R. Barksdale, Erik Barnard, Norman Barnes, Alan Barron, B. Barry, Joanne Barta, Don Barton, P. Bartsch, Thomas S. Baskett, Glenda Bates, Kathy Batha, D. Bauer, Glenn Bauer, Eleanor Beal, J. Beall, M. Beaman, E. Beauchesne, Bob Becker, M.R. Becker, T. Bedne, L. Beham, P. Beiersdorfer, Crystal Belchaver, Janet Bell, Janice C. Bell, Donna Beltaan, Dave Benner, Dave Berner, Delwyn Berrett, M. Berry, Steve Bershader, T. Berto, H. Bess, R. Better, H. Beveridge, Norm Bezona, Bill Bigler, Bruce L. Bikle, Albin Bills, Pat Bily, K. Bio, Earl Bishop, D. Black, T. Blackman, Roy Blackshear, Cynthia Blackwell, M. Blackwell, Gary Blaich, Scott Blakey, N. Block, C. Blood, Andrew Bloxam, M. Blust, Tim Bodeen, Ted Bodner, G. L. Bolander, B. Bole, E.A. Bolles, P.E.H. Bompke, Dan Boone, Doug Booth, Richard Booth, Irma Botsford, L. Bowden, C. Edward Bowlby, M. Boyce, June Boyle, David Boynton, J. Bradley, R. Bradley, C. Branco, C. Brandt, Gail Brandt, J. Branham, Charles Brant, Richard Brasier, D. 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Wilson, William Wingfield, W.O. Wirtz, Terry Witt, A.S. Wlicox, James Wolf, Wes H.C. Wong, G. Wood, Gerard Wood, A. Woodcock, Bethany Woodworth, John Woodworth, Friederike Woog, Thierry Work, Dave Worthington, J.C. Wright, W. Wright, Sue Wyness, Peter Yamashita, Alvin Yashinaga, David Yearian, Sue Lynn Yee, L. Young, Melinda Young, Richard Young, Violet Young, Andy Yuen, H.J. Yuen, Alice Zacherle, Sanford Zalburg, Kathy Zedeckar, Steven Zeff, D. Zevin, Q.G. Zhang, Allen C. Ziegler, Marjorie Ziegler, David Zimmerman, Claudie Ziroli.

Version 1 completed Dec 2009 and will not be updated for content until Version 2 is posted (typos and bad links may be fixed). Plans are to complete Version 2 sometime in 2011-2013, with further updated versions to be completed every 2-4 years thereafter. Comments, errors, typos, bad links, updated information, any other suggestions: Please contact Peter Pyle at ppyle@bishopmuseum.org.

Citation: Pyle, R.L., and P. Pyle. 2009. The Birds of the Hawaiian Islands: Occurrence, History, Distribution, and Status. B.P. Bishop Museum, Honolulu, HI, U.S.A. Version 1 (31 December 2009) http://hbs.bishopmuseum.org/birds/rlp-monograph

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